Two ancient mitochondrial alleles in Australian honeybeesS. Koulianos and R.H. Crozier
La Trobe University, Department of Genetics and Human Variation, Bundoora 3083, Victoria, Australia
Abstract - Sequence information (363 bp) was obtained following polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification for portions of the ATPas 6 and COIII mitochondrial genes for 8 commercial and 2 feral honeybee hives. Only 2 alleles were found; these differed by 6 base substitutions, which implies that they diverged before honeybees colonized Europe.
Key words: mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) / genetic variation / Apis mellifera / evolution / Australia