Piping by queens of Apis cerana Fabricius 1793 and Apis koschevnikovi v Buttel-Reepen 1906G.W. Otisa, K. Pattona and S. Tingekb
a Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G2W1, Canada
b Honey Bee Research Section, Agricultural Research Station, Peti Surat 197, 89909 Tenom, Sabah, Malaysia
Abstract - Piping queens of Apis cerana and A koschevnikovi were recorded in Sabah, Malaysia. The tooting calls of the 2 species were similar and consisted of a single continuous call lasting 2-5 s. In contrast, A mellifera queens give a 1-2 s tone followed by several shorter tones. Quacking by an A koschevnikovi queen in a queen cell was very similar to the quacking reported for A mellifera except the tempo was more rapid (4.39 quacks/s vs 3.0 quacks/s).
Key words: queen piping / Apis cerana / Apis koschevnikovi