Undetectability of vitamin A in bee broodM. Skinnera, K.E. Jonesb and B.P. Dunnc
a Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada
b School of Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada
c BC Cancer Agency, 600 W 10th, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 4E6, Canada
Abstract - High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of larval and pupal stages of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) failed to detect any trace of retinol (vitamin A) or retinyl palmitate contrary to previous reports based on Carr-Price colorimetry. Bee brood is not a source of retinol for dietary or cosmetic purposes.
Key words: bee brood / Apis mellifera / HPLC / retinol