Free access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 31, Number 2, March-April 2000
Taxonomy and Evolutionary biology of the Honeybees
Page(s) 293 - 299
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido:2000123
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2000123

Apidologie 31 (2000) 293-299

Quantitative analysis of the mandibular gland components of the dwarf honey bee (Apis florea Fabricius)

Christopher I. Keelinga - Keith N. Slessora - Nikolaus Koenigerb - Gudrun Koenigerb - R.W.K. Punchihewac

aDepartment of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, Canada
bInstitut für Bienenkunde, Polytechnische Gesellschaft, FB Biologie der J.-W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, Karl-von-Frisch Weg 2, D-61440 Oberursel, Germany
cHoneybee Research Facility, Horticulture Research Station, Kanawila, Horana, Sri Lanka

Abstract:

Workers and mated queens of the dwarf honey bee (Apis florea) from Sri Lanka were quantitatively analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the following nine major mandibular gland components: methyl p-hydroxybenzoate (HOB), 8-hydroxyoctanoic acid (8-HOAA), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylethanol (HVA), (E)-9-oxodec-2-enoic acid (ODA), (E)-9-hydroxydec-2-enoic acid (9-HDA), 10-hydroxydecanoic acid (10-HDAA), (E)-10-hydroxydec-2-enoic acid (10-HDA), decanedioic acid (C10:0 DA) and (E)-dec-2-enedioic acid (C10:1 DA). Queens and workers were significantly different in most of the mandibular gland components analyzed. The major component in mated queens was 10-HDA and in workers was 8-HOAA. Queens and workers contained no detectable HOB or HVA. The mandibular gland compositions of queenless and queenright workers were similar.


Keywords: Apis florea / honey bee / mandibular gland / pheromone

Correspondence and reprints: Christopher I. Keelinga
E-mail: ckeeling@sfu.ca

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