Free access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 33, Number 3, May-June 2002
Page(s) 289 - 294
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido:2002019


Apidologie 33 (2002) 289-294
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2002019

Defense posture in the dwarf honeybee, Apis florea

Christian W.W. Pirka, Randall Hepburna, Sarah E. Radloffb and Johan Erlandssona

a  Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, 6140 Grahamstown, Republic of South Africa
b  Department of Statistics, Rhodes University, 6140 Grahamstown, Republic of South Africa

(Received 12 October 2001; revised 15 January 2002; accepted 16 January 2002)

Abstract
The defense postures of colonies of Apis florea were analysed sequentially before and after applications of smoke as an alarm stimulus. Significant changes in body posture and orientation occur following an alerting stimulus: the bees expose their abdomens and pack more closely together on the comb.


Key words: Apis florea / defence / alarm / behaviour

Correspondence and reprints: Christian W.W. Pirk
    e-mail: C.Pirk@ru.ac.za

© INRA, EDP Sciences, DIB, AGIB 2002