Free access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 32, Number 6, November-December 2001
Page(s) 527 - 545
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido:2001102

References

  • A.C.T.A. (2001) Index phytosanitaire ACTA, Association de Coordination Technique Agricole, 149 rue de Bercy, Paris.
  • Anonymous (1989) L'Insegar et les abeilles. Nouvelles prescriptions, Rev. Suisse Vitic. Hortic. 21, 64-65.
  • Atkins E.L., Anderson L.D., Kellum D., Neuman K.W. (1976) Protecting honey bees from pesticides. Leaflet 2883, University of California.
  • Atkins E.L., Kellum D. (1986) Comparative morphogenic and toxicity studies on the effect of pesticides on honeybe brood, J. Apic. Res. 25, 242-255.
  • Arzone A., Dolci M., Marletto M. (1989) Detection of fenoxycarb on mulberry leaves, Apic. Mod. 80, 149-152 (in Italian).
  • Barker R.J., Taber S. (1977) Effects of diflubenzuron fed to caged honey bees, Environ. Entomol. 6, 167-168.
  • Barker R.J., Waller G.D. (1978) Effects of diflubenzuron wettable powder on caged honey bee colonies, Environ. Entomol. 78, 535-574.
  • Bauml W. (1982) Field studies on the effects of Dimilin on the honey bee, Anz. Schaedlingskd. Pflanzen. Umweltsch. 55, 97-101 (in German).
  • Beetsma J., Ten Houten A. (1975) Effects of juvenile hormone analogues in the food of honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera L.), Z. Angew. Entomol. 77, 292-300.
  • Ceparano G., Job S. (1996) Flucycloxuron: a new acaricide, Inf. Fitopatol. 46, 32-34.
  • Chandel R.S., Gupta P.R. (1992) Toxicity of diflubenzuron and penfluron to immature stages of Apis cerana indica F. and Apis mellifera L., Apidologie 23, 465-473.
  • Czoppelt C. (1990) Effect of insect growth inhibitors and pesticides on honey bee larvae (Apis mellifera L.) in contact poison and feeding tests in vitro, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Harmonization of Methods for Testing the Toxicity of Pesticides to Bees, May 15-18, Rez near Prague, Research Institute of Apiculture, Dol, Czechoslovaquia 1990, pp. 76-83.
  • Czoppelt C. (1991) Evaluation of toxicity of the juvenoid phenoxycarb to honeybee larvae reared in vitro, Apidologie 22, 457-459.
  • Czoppelt C., Rembold H. (1981) Effects of Dimilin on the growth of honey bee larvae reared in an incubator, Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol. 3, 1-13; 191-195 (in German).
  • Davis E.J., Robinson W.S., Roush C.F., Akre R.D., Johansen C.A., Turner W.J. (1978) Impact of chemical control applications for the Douglas-fir Tussock moth on beneficial insects including biological studies of bees, yellowjackets, and flesh flies, Melanderia 30, 1-7.
  • Davis A.R. (1989) The study of insecticide poisoning of honeybee brood, Bee World 70, 163-174.
  • Davis A.R., Solomon K.R., Shuel R.W. (2000) Laboratory studies of honeybee larval growth and development as affected by systemic insecticides at adult-sublethal levels, J. Apic. Res. 27, 146-161.
  • Egger A. (1977) The side effect of Dimilin on honeybees, an investigation in relation to aircraft application in forests. Zentralblatt für Gesamte Forstwesen 94, 5-72 (in German).
  • El-Din H.A., El-Samni M.A., Attia M.B. (1990) Latent effects of some insect growth regulators on the body weight of workers of the honey bee Apis mellifera L. var. carnica (Hym. Apidae), Anz. Schaedlingskd. Pflanzen. Umweltsch. 63, 67-68.
  • Emmett B.J., Archer B.M. (1980) The toxicity of diflubenzuron to honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in apple orchards, Plant. Pathol. 29, 177-183.
  • Engels W. (1990) Testing of insect growth regulators and of varroacides by Apis-larvae test, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Harmonization of Methods for Testing the Toxicity of Pesticides to Bees, May 15-18, Rez near Prague, Research Institute of Apiculture, Dol, Czechoslovaquia 1990, pp. 84-87.
  • George D.A., Rincker C.M. (1985) Results and conclusions of using pesticides with the alfalfa leafcutting bee in the production of alfalfa seed, J. Agric. Entomol. 2, 93-97.
  • Gerig L. (1975) The effects of juvenile hormone analogues on summer bees (Apis mellifera L.) in the field and laboratory, Schweiz. Landwirtsch. Forsch. 14, 355-370 (in German).
  • Gerig L. (1985) Treatment of blooming orchard trees with fenoxycarb, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Harmonization of Methods for Testing the Toxicity of Pesticides to Bees, 18-21 March 1985, Rothamsted, UK, Appendix 16.
  • Gerig L. (1990) News about the use of Insegar (fenoxycarb) in Switzerland, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Harmonization of Methods for Testing the Toxicity of Pesticides to
  • Bees, May 15-18, Rez near Prague, Research Institute of Apiculture, Dol, Czechoslovaquia 1990, pp. 74-75.
  • Gerig L. (1991) Importance de l'Insegar pour l'apiculture et l'arboriculture, J. Suisse Apic. 88, 235-238.
  • Gretenkord C., Drescher W. (1996) Laboratory and cage test methods for the evaluation of the effects of growth regulators (Insegar, Dimilin) on the brood of Bombus terrestris L., Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, Sept. 17-19, 1996, Braunschweig, Germany, Appendix 29.
  • Gretenkord C., Drescher W. (1993) Development of a cage test method for the evaluation of pesticide hazards to the bumble bee Bombus terrestris L., Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium. on the Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, Oct. 26-28, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Appendix 20.
  • Gromisz Z., Gromisz M. (1996) Harmful effects of the Nomolt formulation on honey bees, Pszcz. Zesz. Nauk. 40, 175-183 (in Polish).
  • Grosscurt A.C. (1978) Diflubenzuron: Some aspects of its ovicidal and larvicidal mode of action and an evaluation of its practical possibilities, Pestic. Sci. 9, 373-386.
  • Gupta P.R., Chandel R.S. (1995) Effects of diflubenzuron and penfluron on workers of Apis cerana indica F. and Apis mellifera L., Apidologie 26, 3-10.
  • Herbert E.W., Argauer R.J., Shimanuki H. (1986) The effect of an insect chitin synthesis inhibitor on honey bees, Apidologie 17, 73-76.
  • Hrdy I., Skrobal D. (1976) Effect of two juvenoids on honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera L.), Apidologie 7, 39-47 (in German).
  • Hussein M.H., Abdel-Aal Y.A.I. (1978) Effect of ZR 515 on honey bee, Apis mellifera L., Z. Angew. Zool. 87, 109-111.
  • Kawashima K. (1989) effect of chitin inhibitors on the horn faced, Osmia cornifrons Radoskowski, J. Soc. Plant Prot. North Jpn. 40, 171-173 (in Japanese).
  • Jaycox E.R., Skowronek W., Guynn G. (1974) Behavioral changes in worker honey bees (Apis mellifera) induced by injections of juvenile hormone mimic, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 67, 529-534.
  • Marletto F., Arzone A., Dolci M. (1992) Action of fenoxycarb on honey bee brood, Apic. Mod. 83, 209-218 (in Italian).
  • Marletto F., Arzone A., Dolci M. (1997) The honey bee as a biological indicator of fenoxycarb pollution, Apic. Mod. 88, 107-110 (in Italian).
  • Narita T. (1988) Control of the tortrix (Archips fuscocupreana Walsingham) on apple trees by chitin synthesis inhibitors, Kitanippon Byogaichu Kenkyukaiko 39, 242-245 (in Japanese). Nation J.L., Robinson F.A., Yu S.J., Bolten A.B. (1986) Influence upon honey bees of exposure to very low levels of selected insecticides in their diet, J. Apic. Res. 25, 170-177.
  • Naumann K., Isman M.B. (1996) Toxicity of a neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) insecticide to larval honey bees, Am. Bee J. 136, 518-520.
  • Nitsch C., Vorwohl G. (1992) The effect of Insegar on the honey bee, Allg. Dtsch. Imkerztg. 26, 6-8 (in German).
  • Nitsch C., Horn H., Vorwohl G. (1994) Effect of Dimilin on queen rearing, Dtsch. Bienen. J. 2, 16-19 (in German).
  • Oliveira Campos L.A. de (1978) Sex determination in bees. VI. Effect of juvenile hormone analogue in males and females of Melipona quadrifasciata (Apidae), J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 51, 228-234.
  • Oomen P.A., Ruijter A., Steen J. van der (1992) Method for honey bee brood feeding tests with insect growth-regulating insecticides, EPPO Bull. 22, 613-616.
  • Pinto L.Z., Bitondi M.M., Simoes Z.L.P. (2000) Inhibition of vitellogenin synthesis in Apis mellifera workers by juvenile hormone analogue pyriproxyfen, J. Insect Physiol. 46, 153-160.
  • Redfern R.E., Knox D.A. (1974) Adult honey bee relative toxicity of two juvenile hormone analogues, Am. Bee J. 456-458.
  • Rembold H., Sharma G.K., Czoppelt C., Schmutterer H. (1980) Evidence of growth disruption in insects without feeding inhibition by neem seed fractions, Z. Pflanzenkd. Pflanzenschutz. 87, 290-297.
  • Rembold H., Czoppelt C. (1981) Evaluation of insect growth regulators from Azadirachta indica (neem) using rearing tests on honey bee larvae, Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol. 3, 196-198 (in German).
  • Rembold H., Lackner B. (1981) Rearing of honeybee larvae in vitro: effect of yeast extract on queen differentiation, J. Apic. Res. 20, 165-171.
  • Rembold H., Sharma G.K., Czoppelt C., Schmutterer H. (1982) Azadirachtin: a potent insect growth regulator of plant origin, Z. Angew. Entomol. 93, 12-17.
  • Robinson F.A. (1979) The effects of repeated spray applications of Dimilin W-25 on honey bee colonies in cotton fields, Am. Bee J. 119, 193-194; 197.
  • Robinson F.A. (1985) Effects of a juvenile hormone analogue on bee foraging behaviour and alarm pheromone production, J. Insect Physiol. 31, 277-282.
  • Robinson F.A., Johansen C.A. (1978) Effects of control chemicals for douglas fir tussock moth on forest pollination, Melanderia 30, 9-56.
  • Ruijter A. de, Steen J. van der (1987) A field study on the effect on honey bee brood of Insegar (fenoxycarb) applied on blooming apple orchard, Apidologie 18, 355-357.
  • Rutz W., Gerig L., Wille H., Lüscher M. (1974) A bioassay for juvenile hormone (JH) effects of insect growth regulators (IGR) on adult worker honey bees, Preliminary report, Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 47, 307-313.
  • Schäfer H., Mühlen W. (1996) First experiences to test side-effects of Alsystin on bumble bees (Bombus terrestris L.) in the field, Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, Sept. 17-19, 1996, Braunschweig, Germany, Appendix 30.
  • Schroeder W.J., Sutton R.A., Beavers J.B. (1980) Diaprepes abbreviatus: Fate of diflubenzuron and effect on non-target pests and beneficial species after application to Citrus for weevil control, J. Econ. Entomol. 73, 637-638.
  • Steen J. van der, Ruijter A. de (1990) test methods to determine the hazards of IGRs (insect growth regulators) on honey bee brood, using phenoxycarb as an example, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Harmonization of Methods for Testing the Toxicity of Pesticides to Bees, May 15-18, Rez near Prague, Research Institute of Apiculture, Dol, Czechoslovaquia 1990, pp. 88-91.
  • Stoner A., Wilson W.T. (1982) Diflubenzuron (Dimilin): effect of long-term feeding of low doses in sugar cake or sucrose syrup on honey bees in standard-size field colonies, Am. Bee J. 122, 579-582.
  • Tasei J.N., Carré C. (1987) Effects of the pyrethroid insecticide WL85871 and phosalone on adults and progeny of the leaf-cutting bee Megachile rotundata F., pollinator of lucerne, Pestic. Sci. 21, 119-128.
  • Tasei J.N., Carré C., Moscatelli B., Grondeau C. (1988) Recherche de la DL50 de la deltaméthrine (Decis) chez : Megachile rotundata F., abeille pollinisatrice de la luzerne et des effets de doses infraléthales sur les adultes et les larves, Apidologie 19, 291-306.
  • Thompson H.M., Barrett K.A. (1990) Assessing the effects of glasshouse application of a novel insect growth regulator on bumble bee colonies, in: Belzunces L.P., Pélissier C., Lewis G.B. (Eds.), Hazards of pesticides to bees, Proc. 7th Int. Symp. on Hazards of Pesticides to Bees 7-9 Sept 1999, Avignon, France, INRA Paris, pp. 227-228.
  • Tomic N., Popescovic D., Dujin N. (1985) Some larval and post-larval effects of diflubenzuron on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.), Proceedings of the 29th International Congress of Apiculture, Budapest, 1983, Apimondia Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania, pp. 275-278.
  • Tornier I. (2001) Side effects of an Insect growth regulator on bumble bees and honey bees, in: Belzunces L.P., Pélissier C., Lewis G.B. (Eds.), Hazards of pesticides to bees, Proc. 7th Int. Symp. on Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, 7-9 Sept. 1999, Avignon, INRA Editions, Paris, les Colloques n$^\circ$ 98, 299.
  • Usha K., Kandasamy C. (1986) Comparative toxicity of certain pesticides to the honey bee Apis indica F., Pest. Manage. 1, 31-35.
  • Wael L., de Greef M., de Laere O. Van (1995) Toxicity of pyriproxyfen and fenoxycarb to bumble bee brood using a new method for testing insect growth regulators, J. Apic. Res. 34, 3-8.
  • Webster T.C., Peng Y.S. (1989) Short term and long-term effects of methamidophos on brood rearing in honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies, J. Econ. Entomol. 82, 69-74.
  • Wigglesworth V.B. (1972) The principles of insect physiology, 7th ed., Chapman and Hall, London, UK.
  • Williams C.M. (1956) The juvenile hormone of insects, Nature 178, 212-213.
  • Wittmann D. (1982) Determination of the LC50 of Dimilin 25 WP for honey bee brood on free flying colonies as an example for the use of a new Apis-larvae-test, Apidologie 13, 104-107.
  • Zdarek J., Haragsim O. (1974) Action of juvenoids on metamorphosis of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, J. Insect Physiol. 20, 209-221.

Abstract

Copyright INRA/DIB/AGIB/EDP Sciences