Free access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 40, Number 6, November-December 2009
Page(s) 617 - 626
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido/2009041
Published online 17 July 2009
  • Cánovas F., De la Rúa P., Serrano J., and Galián J. (2008) Geographic patterns of mitochondrial DNA variation in Apis mellifera iberiensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 46, 24–30
  • Crozier R.H., and Crozier Y.H. (1993) The mitochondrial genome of the honey bee Apis mellifera: complete sequence and genome organisation, Genetics 133, 97–117 [PubMed]
  • Dall’Olio R., Marino A., Lodesani M., and Moritz R.F.A. (2007) Genetic characterization of Italian honeybees, Apis mellifera ligustica, based on microsatellite DNA polymorphisms, Apidologie 38, 207–217 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • De la Rúa P., Galián J., and Serrano J. (1998) Mitochondrial variability of honeybees populations from the Canary Islands, Mol. Ecol. 7, 1543–1547 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • De la Rúa P., Galián J., and Serrano J. (1999) Varibilidad mitocondrial en poblaciones de abejas de la miel del Sureste Peninsular, Invest. Agr. Prod. Sanid. Anim. 14, 24–30
  • De la Rúa P., Galián J., Serrano J., and Moritz R.F.A. (2001) Genetic structure and distinctness of Apis mellifera L. populations from the Canary Islands, Mol. Ecol. 10, 1733–1742 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • De la Rúa P., Simon U.E., Tilde A., Mortiz R.F.A., and Fuchs S. (2000) MtDNA variation in Apis cerana populations from the Philippines, Heredity 84, 124–130 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Engel M.S. (1999) The taxonomy of recent and fossil honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apis), J. Hymenop. Res. 8, 165–196
  • Estoup A., Garnery L., Solignac M., and Cornuet J. (1995) Microsatellite variation in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations: Hierarchical genetic structure and tests of infinite allele and stepwise mutation models, Genetics 140, 679–695 [PubMed]
  • Evanno G., Regnaut S., and Goudet J. (2005) Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study, Mol. Ecol. 14, 2611–2620 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Franck P., Garnery L., Solignac M., Cornuet J.-M. (1998) The origin of West European subspecies of honeybees (Apis mellifera) new insights from microsatellite and mitochondrial data, Evolution 52, 1119–1134. [CrossRef]
  • Franck P., Garnery L., Celebrano G., Solignac M., Cornuet J.-M. (2000a) Hybrid origins of honeybees from Italy (Apis mellifera ligustica) and Sicily (A. m. sicula), Mol. Ecol. 9, 907–921. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Franck P., Garnery L., Solignac M., Cornuet J.-M. (2000b) Molecular confirmation of a fourth lineage in honeybees from the Near East, Apidologie 31, 167–180. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Garnery L., Cornuet J.-M., and Solignac M. (1992) Evolutionary history of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) inferred from mitochondrial DNA analysis, Mol. Ecol. 1, 145–154 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Garnery L., Franck P., Baudry E., Vautrin D., Cornuet J.-M., and Solignac M. (1998) Genetic biodiversity of the west European honeybee (Apis mellifera mellifera and A. m. iberica). I. Mitochondrial DNA, Genet. Sel. Evol. 30, 31–47 [CrossRef]
  • Garnery L., Mosshine E.H., Oldroyd B.P., Cornuet J.-M. (1995) Mitochondrial DNA variation in Moroccan and Spanish honey bee populations, Mol. Ecol. 4, 465–471. [CrossRef]
  • Garnery L., Solignac M., Celebrano G., Cornuet J.-M. (1993) A simple test using restricted PCR-amplified mitochondrial DNA to study the genetic structure of Apis mellifera L, Experientia 49, 1016–1021. [CrossRef]
  • Garnery L., Vautrin D., Cornuet J.-M., and Solignac M. (1991) Phylogenetic relationships in the genus Apis inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data, Apidologie 22, 87–92 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Jensen A.B., Palmer K.A., Boomsma J.J., and Pedersen B.V. (2005) Varying degrees of Apis mellifera ligustica introgression in protected populations of the black honeybee, Apis mellifera mellifera, in northwest Europe, Mol. Ecol. 14, 93–106 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Moritz R.FA., Härtel S., and Neumann P. (2005) Global invasions of the western honeybee (Apis mellifera) and the consequences for biodiversity, Ecoscience 12, 289–301 [CrossRef]
  • Peakall R., and Smouse P.E. (2006) GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research, Mol. Ecol. Notes 6, 288–295 [CrossRef]
  • Pritchard J.K., Stephens M., and Donnelly P.J. (2000) Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data, Genetics 155, 945–959 [PubMed]
  • Raymond M., and Rousset F. (1995) GENEPOP (version 1.2): population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism, J. Hered. 86, 248–249
  • Ruttner F. (1988) Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees, Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • Ruttner F. (1992) Naturgeschichte der Honigbienen, Ehrenwirth Verlag, München.
  • Sheppard W.S., and Meixner M.D. (2003) Apis mellifera pomonella, a new honey bee subspecies from Central Asia, Apidologie 34, 367–375 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Sinacori A., Rinderer T.E., Lancaster V., and Sheppard W.S. (1998) A morphological assessment of Apis mellifera from Palermo, Italy, Apidologie 29, 481–490 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Sušnik S., Kozmus P., Poklukar J., and Meglič V. (2004) Molecular characterisation of indigenous Apis mellifera carnica in Slovenia, Apidologie 35, 623–636 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Tamura K., Dudley J., Nei M., and Kumar S. (2007) MEGA4: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0, Mol. Biol. Evol. 24, 1596–1599 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Walsh P.S., Metzqer D.A., and Higuchi R. (1991) Chelex 100 as a medium for simple extraction of DNA for PCR-based typing from forensic material, Biotechniques 10, 506–512 [PubMed]
  • Whitfield C.W., Behura S.K., Berlocher S.H., Clark A.G., Johnston J.S., Sheppard W.S., Smith D.R., Suarez A.V., Weaver D., and Tsutsui N.D. (2006) Thrice out of Africa: ancient and recent expansions of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, Science 314, 642–645 [CrossRef] [PubMed]