Free access
Publication ahead of print
Journal
Apidologie
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010034
Published online 18 June 2010
  • Ashiralieva A., Genersch E. (2006) Reclassification, genotypes and virulence of Paenibacillus larvae, the etiological agent of American foulbrood in honeybees – a review, Apidologie 37, 411–420. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Chauzat M.P., Higes M., Martín-Hernández R., Meana A., Cougoule N., Faucon J.P. (2007) Presence of Nosema ceranae in French honeybee colonies, J. Apic. Res. 46, 127–128. [CrossRef]
  • Chen Y., Evans J.D., Smith I.B., Pettis J.S. (2008) Nosema ceranae is a long-present and wide-spread microsporidean infection of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) in the United States, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 97, 186–188. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Cox-Foster D.L., Conlan S., Holmes E.C., Palacios G., Evans J.D., Moran N.A., Quan P.L., Briese T., Hornig M., Geiser D.M., Martinson V., vanEngelsdorp D., Kalkstein A.L., Drysdale A., Hui J., Zhai J.H., Cui L.W., Hutchison S.K., Simons J.F., Egholm M., Pettis J.S., Lipkin W.I. (2007) A metagenomic survey of microbes in honey bee colony collapse disorder, Science 318, 283–287. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • De la Rúa P., Jaffé R., Dall’Olio R., Muñoz I., Serrano J. (2009) Biodiversity, conservation and current threats to European honeybees, Apidologie 40, 263–284. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Franck P., Garnery L., Solignac M., Cornuet J.M. (2000) Molecular confirmation of a fourth lineage in honey bees from the Near East, Apidologie 31, 167–180. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Fries I. (1997) Protozoa, in: Morse R.A., Flottum K. (Eds.), Honey bee pests, predators and diseases, 3rd ed., A.I. Root Company, Medina, Ohio, USA, pp. 59–76.
  • Fries I., Feng F., da Silva A., Slemenda S.B., Pieniazek J. (1996) Nosema ceranae n. sp. (Microspora, Nosematidae), morphological and molecular characterization of a microsporidian parasite of the Asian honey bee Apis cerana (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Eur. J. Protistol. 32, 356–365.
  • Fries I., Martín R., Meana A., García-Palencia P., Higes M. (2006) Natural infections of Nosema ceranae in European honey bees, J. Apic. Res. 45, 230–233. [CrossRef]
  • Garnery L., Cornuet J.M., Solignac M. (1992) Evolutionary History of the Honey Bee Apis mellifera Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Analysis, Mol. Ecol. 1, 145–154. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Gatehouse H.S., Malone L.A. (1998) The ribosomal RNA gene region of Nosema apis (Microspora): DNA sequence for small and large subunit rRNA genes and evidence of a large tandem repeat unit size, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 71, 97–105. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Genersch E., Ashiralieva A., Fries I. (2005) Strainand genotype-specific differences in virulence of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae, a bacterial pathogen causing American foulbrood disease in honeybees, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71, 7551–7555. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Genersch E., Forsgren E., Pentikäinen J., Ashiralieva A., Rauch S., Kilwinski J., Fries I. (2006) Reclassification of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens and Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae as Paenibacillus larvae without subspecies classification, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56, 501–511. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Giersch T., Berg T., Galea F., Hornitzky M. (2009) Nosema ceranae infects honey bees (Apis mellifera) and contaminates honey in Australia, Apidologie 40, 117–123. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Higes M., García-Palencia P., Martín-Hernández R., Meana A. (2007) Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honeybees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), J. Invertebr. Pathol. 94, 211–217. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Higes M., Martín R., Meana A. (2006) Nosema ceranae, a new microsporidian parasite in honeybees in Europe, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 92, 93–95. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Higes M., Martín R., Sanz A., Álvarez N., Sanz A., García-Palencia P., Meana A. (2005) El síndrome de despoblamiento de las colmenas en España. Consideraciones sobre su origen, Vida Apícola 133, 15–21.
  • Higes M., Martín-Hernández R., Botías C., Garrido-Bailón E., González-Porto A.V., Barrios L., Del Nozal M.J., Bernal J.L., Jiménez J.J., García-Palencia P., Meana A. (2008) How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honeybee colony collapse, Environ. Microbiol. 10, 2659–2669. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Higes M., Martín-Hernández R., Garrido-Bailón E., Botías C., Meana A. (2009) The presence of Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia) in North African honey bees (Apis mellifera intermissa), J. Apic. Res. 48, 217–219. [CrossRef]
  • Higes M., Martín-Hernández R., Garrido-Bailón E., González-Porto A.V., García-Palencia P., Meana A., del Nozal M.J., Mayo R., Bernal J.L. (2009) Honeybee colony collapse due to Nosema ceranae in professional apiaries, Environ. Microbiol. Rep. 1, 110–113. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Huang W.F., Jiang J.H., Chen Y.W., Wang C.H. (2005) Complete rRNA sequence of the Nosema ceranae from honeybee (Apis mellifera), https://gra103.aca.ntu.edu.tw/gdoc/F90632004a.pdf.
  • Huang W.F., Bocquet M., Lee KC, Sung I.H., Jiang J.H., Chen Y.W., Wang C.H. (2008) The comparison of rDNA spacer regions of Nosema ceranae isolates from different hosts and locations, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 97, 9–13. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Huang W.F., Jiang J.H., Chen Y.W., Wang C.H. (2007) A Nosema ceranae isolate from the honeybee Apis mellifera, Apidologie 38, 30–37. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Imdorf A., Charrière J.D., Gallmann P. (2006) Mögliche Ursachen für die Völkerverluste der letzten Jahre, Schweiz. Bienenztg. 129, 6–10.
  • Invernizzi C., Abud C., Tomasco I.H., Harriet J., Ramallo G., Campá J., Katz H., Gardiol G., Mendoza Y. (2009) Presence of Nosema ceranae in honeybees (Apis mellifera) in Uruguay, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 101, 150–153. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Johnson R.M., Evans J.D., Robinson G.E., Berenbaum M.R. (2009) Changes in transcript abundance relating to colony collapse disorder in honey bees (Apis mellifera), PNAS 106, 14790–14795. [CrossRef]
  • Klee J., Besana A.M., Genersch E., Gisder S., Nanetti A., Tam D.Q., Chinh T.X., Puerta F., Ruz J.M., Kryger P., Message D., Hatjina F., Korpela S., Fries I., Paxton R.J. (2007) Widespread dispersal of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 96, 1–10. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Kozmus P., Stevanovic J., Stanimirovic Z., Stojic V., Kulisic Z., Meglic V. (2007) Analysis of mitochondrial DNA in honey bees (Apis mellifera) from Serbia, Acta Vet.-Beograd 57, 465–476.
  • Martín-Hernández R., Meana A., Prieto L., Martínez Salvador A., Garrido-Bailón E., Higes M. (2007) Outcome of colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73, 6331–6338. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Meixner M.D., Worobik M., Wilde J., Fuchs S., Koeniger N. (2007) Apis mellifera mellifera in eastern Europe – morphometric variation and determination of its range limits, Apidologie 38, 191–197. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • OIE (2008) Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, Chap. 2.2.4., Nosemosis of Honey Bees, http://www.oie.int/fr/normes/mmanual/2008/pdf/2.02.04_NOSEMOSIS.pdf.
  • Paxton R.J., Klee J., Korpela S., Fries I. (2007) Nosema ceranae has infected Apis mellifera in Europe since at least 1998 and may be more virulent than Nosema apis, Apidologie 38, 558–565. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Stanimirovic Z., Stevanovic J., Andjelkovic M. (2005) Chromosomal diversity in Apis mellifera carnica from Serbia, Apidologie 36, 31–42. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Stanimirovic Z., Stevanovic J., Bajic V., Radovic I. (2007) Evaluation of genotoxic effects of fumagillin (dicyclohexylamine) by citogenetic tests in vivo, Mutat. Res. 628, 1–10. [PubMed]
  • Stanimirovic Z., Stevanovic J., Kulic M., Stojic V. (2006) Frequency of chromosomal aberrations in the evaluation of genotoxic potential of dicyclohexylamine (fumagillin) in vivo, Acta Vet.-Beograd 56, 353–366.
  • Stevanovic J., Stanimirovic Z., Pejin I.I., Lazarevic M. (2006) Monitoring of mitotic index and frequency of micronuclei in evaluation of genotoxic potential of fumagillin (dicyclohexylamine) in vivo, Acta Vet.-Beograd 56, 437–448.
  • Stevanovic J., Stanimirovic Z., Radakovic M., Stojic V. (2008) In vitro evaluation of the clastogenicity of fumagillin, Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 49, 594–601. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Sušnik S., Kozmus P., Poklukar J., Megliè V. (2004) Molecular characterisation of indigenous Apis mellifera carnica in Slovenia, Apidologie 35, 623–636. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Tapaszti Z., Forgách P., Kovágó C., Békési L., Bakonyi T., Rusvai M. (2009) First detection and dominance of Nosema ceranae in Hungarian honeybee colonies, Acta Vet. Hung. 57, 383–388. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • vanEngelsdorp D., Evans J.D., Saegerman C., Mullin C., Haubruge E., Nguyen B.K., Frazier M., Frazier J., Cox-Foster D., Chen Y., Underwood R., Tarpy D.R., Pettis J.S. (2009) Colony collapse disorder: a descriptive study, PLoS One 4, e6481. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Williams G.R., Shafer A.B.A., Rogers R.E.L., Shutler D., Stewart D.T. (2008) First detection of Nosema ceranae, a microsporidean parasite of European honey bees (Apis mellifera), in Canada and central USA, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 97, 189–192. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Williams G.R., Sampson MA, Shutler D., Rogers R.E.L. (2008) Does fumagillin control the recently detected invasive parasite Nosema ceranae in western honey bees (Apis mellifera)? J. Invertebr. Pathol. 99, 342–344. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Zander E. (1909) Tierische Parasiten als Krankheitserreger bei der Biene, Münchener Bienenzeitung 31, 196–204.