Free access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 21, Number 5, 1990
Anna Maurizio
Page(s) 417 - 429
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido:19900504
Apidologie 21 (1990) 417-429
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19900504

The protein balance of the honey bee worker

K. Crailsheim

Institut für Zoologie an der Karl-Franzens-Universität, Universitätsplatz 2, A-8010 Graz, Austria

Abstract - For honey bee workers, protein requirements and consumption, digestion, intestinal absorption and utilisation all depend on the worker's age and functional status in the system of division of labor within the colony. Workers at the stage of nurses play a pivotal role not only in protein digestion but also in its distribution. They are well equipped for digestion of pollen, are rich in protein and produce large amounts of jelly, which they distribute to almost all members of the colony.


Key words: protein metabolism / nutrition / digestion / polyethism / Apis mellifera

What is OpenURL?

The OpenURL standard is a protocol for transmission of metadata describing the resource that you wish to access.

An OpenURL link contains article metadata and directs it to the OpenURL server of your choice. The OpenURL server can provide access to the resource and also offer complementary services (specific search engine, export of references...). The OpenURL link can be generated by different means.

  • If your librarian has set up your subscription with an OpenURL resolver, OpenURL links appear automatically on the abstract pages.
  • You can define your own OpenURL resolver with your EDPS Account.
    In this case your choice will be given priority over that of your library.
  • You can use an add-on for your browser (Firefox or I.E.) to display OpenURL links on a page (see http://www.openly.com/openurlref/). You should disable this module if you wish to use the OpenURL server that you or your library have defined.