Free access
Volume 26, Number 5, 1995
Page(s) 361 - 370
Apidologie 26 (1995) 361-370
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19950501

Bees and pollination in our changing environment

S.W.T. Batra

Bee Research Laboratory, Bldg 476, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA

Abstract - This is a review of the early literature demonstrating the adequacy of pollination by local bee populations before intensive and extensive agricultural practices. Although not always the best pollinators, honey bees were used in crops when populations of other bees crashed. Publications on managing and conserving pollen bees are included because interest in sustainable agriculture and biodiversity of bees and host plants is increasing.

Key words: Apoidea / pollination / sustainable agriculture / management