Free access
Volume 27, Number 3, 1996
Page(s) 175 - 184
Apidologie 27 (1996) 175-184
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19960306

Determination of the LC50 in the mite Varroa jacobsoni of the active substances in Perizin® and Cekafix®

N. Milani and G. Della Vedova

Dipartimento di Biologia applicata alla Difesa delle Piante, Udine University, Via delle Scienze, 208, 33100 Udine, Italy

Abstract - A bioassay has been developed to measure the toxicity of the organophosphorus acaricides, the active ingredients of Perizin® and Cekafix®, to the mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. The distribution of the lethal concentrations was rather narrow (LC90/LC10~4). Slight, but significant and consistent differences (up to three times) were found among groups of mites taken from different brood stages; at 26 °C the toxicity was 1.2-2.7 times lower than at 32.5 °C; at a given concentration coumaphos was about twice as active as the active ingredient of Cekafix®. No increase in the LC50 to coumaphos of mites resistant to pyrethroids was noted. Varroa strains resistant to these acaricides were not studied.

Key words: Varroa jacobsoni / toxicity / resistance / coumaphos / organophosphorus acaricide