Free access
Volume 34, Number 4, July-August 2003
Page(s) 339 - 351


  • Adams J., Rothman E.D., Kerr W.E., Paulino Z.L. (1977) Estimation of sec alleles and queen matings from diploid male frequencies in a population of Apis mellifera, Genetics 86, 583-596.
  • Alpatov W.W. (1929) Biometrical studies on variation and races of the honey bee Apis mellifera L., Q. Rev. Biol. 4, 1-58.
  • Alpatov W.W., Tjunin F.A. (1925) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Variabilität der Rüssellänge bei der Honigbiene, Rev. Zool. Russe 5, 79-108.
  • Cornuet J.M., Garnery L. (1991) Genetic diversity in Apis mellifera, in: Smith D.R. (Ed.), Diversity in the Genus Apis, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, pp. 103-115.
  • Falconer D.S. (1989) Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 3rd ed., Longman, Harlow.
  • Fisher R.A. (1930) The Genetic Theory of Natural Selection, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • Hepburn H.R., Radloff S.E. (1998) Honeybees of Africa, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Moritz R.F.A., Klepsch A. (1985) Estimating heritabilities of worker characteristics: a new approach using laying workers of the Cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis), Apidologie 16, 47-56.
  • Moritz R.F.A., Southwick E.E. (1992) Bees as Superorganisms, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Oldroyd B.P., Moran C. (1983) Heritability of worker characters in the honeybee (Apis mellifera), Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 36, 323-332.
  • Oldroyd B.P., Rinderer T.E., Buco S.M. (1991) Heritability of morphological characters used to distinguish European and Africanized honeybees, Theor. Appl. Genet. 82, 499-504.
  • Radloff S.E., Hepburn H.R., Neumann P., Moritz R.F.A., Kryger P. (2002) A method for estimating variation in the phenotypic expression of morphological characters by thelytokous parthenogenesis in Apis mellifera capensis, Apidologie 33, 129-138.
  • Rinderer T.E., Daly H.V., Sylvester H.A., Collins A.M., Buco S.M., Hellmich R.L., Danka R.G. (1990) Morphometric differences among Africanized and European honey bees and their F1 hybrids (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 83, 346-351.
  • Roberts W.C. (1944) Multiple mating of queen bees proved by progeny and flight tests, Glean. Bee Cult. 72, 281-283.
  • Ruttner F. (1988) Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Statistica for Windows (1995) Graphics, Vol. II, 2nd ed., StatSoft, Inc., Tulsa OK.
  • Wright S. (1968) Evolution and the Genetics of Populations, Vol. 1, Genetic and Biological Foundations, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Wright S. (1969) Evolution and Genetics of Populations, Vol. 2, The Theory of Gene Frequencies, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Verma L.R. (1992) Honeybees in Mountain Agriculture, Oxford and IBH, New Delhi.


Copyright INRA/DIB/AGIB/EDP Sciences