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Figure 1


Schematic diagram showing the main global (green), regional (orange), national (blue) and subnational (pink) policies and legislation impacting on bee conservation. The International Pollinator Initiative (IPI) is a cross-cutting initiative within the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which has a number of regional initiatives (regional IPI). Progress on National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) are reportprobled to the CBD (next report due 2009); this reporting system can be used to identify problems or gaps to be improved upon at national levels. Local biodiversity action plans (LBAPs) can also include actions for bees. The IUCN oversees and give guidance to the Global Red List and Regional Red Lists processes. Regional Red Lists can impact conservation efforts directly on the ground through the creation of Conservation Action Authority Files from Priority lists. Examples of international networks impacting bee conservation are listed below. These networks link and support institutions and individuals with interests in bee conservation. Most actions on the ground come through national and local mechanisms under guidance, implementation and/or funding from higher level initiatives. (GBIF: Global Biodiversity Information Facility; ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System; IABIN: Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network; Bee-BOL: Bee-Barcode of Life; INESP: International Network of Expertise for Sustainable Pollination; PTN: Pollinators Thematic Network; ICPBR: International Commission for Plant-Bee Relationships; ALARM: Assessing Large-scale Risks to biodiversity with tested Methods; SUPER: Sustainable Use of Pollinators as a European Resource).

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