Relative quantification (2− ΔΔCt) of polyprotein deformed wing virus transcripts in honey bee drones and workers. (A) Comparison of mucus glands of newly emerged (NE) and 8-day-old (8d) drones. Shown are means ± S.E. of three independent samples, each run in triplicate. (B) Polyprotein deformed wing virus transcript levels in mucus glands (MG) and abdominal carcasses (Abd) of newly emerged (NE) and 8-day-old drones in comparison to abdominal carcasses of workers of the same age. Shown are means of triplicate analyses of individual samples.