Morphometric studies on the microtaxonomy of the species Apis mellifera LD. Kauhausen-Kellera, F. Ruttnerb and R. Kellera
a Länderinstitut für Bienenkunde, Friedrich-Engels-Straße 32, D-16540 Hohen Neuendorf
b Institut für Bienenkunde (Polytechnische Gesellschaft), JW Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, D-61440 Oberursel, Germany
Abstract - A principal components analysis was performed on 252 samples of Apis mellifera collected from various geographic locations. The result is presented for the first time as a computer generated three-dimensional figure resembling a tripod, with each distinct branch and stem representing one of the four major regions: tropical Africa, western Mediterranean and northern Europe, central Mediterranean and southeastern Europe ending in A m carnica, and the Near East ending in A m caucasica.
Key words: Apis mellifera / morphometry / microtaxonomy / subspecies