Free access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 32, Number 6, November-December 2001
Page(s) 547 - 554
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/apido:2001100
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2001100

Apidologie 32 (2001) 547-554

Lincomycin hydrochloride for the control of American foulbrood disease of honey bees

Mark F. Feldlaufera, Jeffery S. Pettisa, Jan P. Kochanskya and Grant Stilesb

a  USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Bee Research Laboratory, Bldg. 476, BARC-East, Beltsville MD 20705, USA
b  NJ Depart. of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, CN330, Trenton NJ 08625, USA

(Received 29 December 2000; revised 16 July 2001; accepted 30 July 2001)

Abstract
The antibiotic lincomycin hydrochloride was evaluated for toxicity to larval and adult honey bees and for efficacy in controlling American foulbrood disease (AFB). Results of toxicity studies involving nine applications of lincomycin (200-, 600-, or 1000 mg active ingredient per application) as a dust in confectioners sugar revealed no significant differences in mortality among any of the treatment groups for either adults or larvae, when compared to untreated or sugar-treated controls. In field efficacy studies, 18 colonies with existing oxytetracycline-resistant AFB were dusted three times, one week apart, with either 100-, 200-, or 400 mg lincomycin (in 20 g confectioners sugar). Forty- five days after the third treatment, no visible signs of AFB could be found, regardless of the initial severity of disease or the dose applied.


Key words: lincomycin / toxicity / American foulbrood / antibiotic / control

Correspondence and reprints: Mark F. Feldlaufer
    e-mail: feldlaum@ba.ars.usda.gov

© INRA, EDP Sciences, DIB, AGIB 2001