Free access
Volume 36, Number 1, January-March 2005
Page(s) 25 - 30
Published online 31 January 2005
Apidologie 36 (2005) 25-30
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2004066

The morphometric affinities of Apis cerana of the Hindu Kush and Himalayan regions of western Asia

Sarah E. Radloffa, Randall Hepburnb and Stefan Fuchsc

a  Department of Statistics, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa
b  Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa
c  Institut für Bienenkunde, 61440 Oberursel, Germany

(Received 30 April 2002; Revised 21 May 2004; Accepted 28 May 2004; Published online: 31 January 2005)

Abstract - A multivariate morphometric analysis of Apis cerana populations of the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan and Pakistan and of Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh in India revealed two statistically distinct morphoclusters, a Hindu Kush/Kashmir group and a Himachal Pradesh group. High intercolonial variances at three localities are associated with regions of major climatic zone change, hence ecological instability.

Key words: Apis cerana / honeybees / morphoclusters / western Asia

Corresponding author: Sarah E. Radloff

© INRA, EDP Sciences, DIB, AGIB 2005