Free Access
Volume 23, Number 1, 1992
Page(s) 79 - 85
Apidologie 23 (1992) 79-85
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19920109

Propolis produced in Bulgaria and Mongolia: phenolic compounds and plant origin

V. Bankovaa, A. Dyulgerova, S. Popova, L. Evstatievab, L. Kulevaa, O. Purebc and Z. Zamjansanc

a  Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Centre of Phytochemistry, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
b  Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
c  Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Ulan Bator, Mongolia

Abstract - Phenolic composition of Bulgarian and Mongolian propolis and their possible plant sources (the resinous secretions of different tree buds) were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The results obtained demonstrate that in both countries propolis is collected mainly from poplars: from Populus nigra and to some extent from P italica in Bulgaria, and from P suaveolens in Mongolia.

Key words: propolis / poplar bud / phenolics / GC/MS / Populus