Free Access
Volume 31, Number 3, May-june 2000
Page(s) 343 - 356
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2000126

Apidologie 31 (2000) 343-356

Genetic and morphometric variation in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) populations of Turkey

Irfan Kandemir - Meral Kence - Aykut Kence

Department of Biology, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara, Turkey

(Received 18 December 1998; revised 8 October 1999; accepted 22 October 1999)


Six enzyme systems were studied to determine the genetic variability in honeybee populations in Turkey. Ten morphometric characters were also measured to determine the extent of morphometric variation. Out of six enzyme systems, four were found to be polymorphic with 16 allozymes. The average heterozygosity was calculated as $0.072 \pm 0.007$. Morphometric and electrophoretic variables were equally effective in discriminating honeybee populations. European and Anatolian honeybees were separated on the first axis, and Anatolian honeybees were further separated along a second canonical axis. The observation of rare alleles in isoenzymes, detection of high genetic diversity and the presence of four known subspecies support the argument that Anatolia has been a genetic center for honeybee populations in the Near East.

Keywords: Apis mellifera anatoliaca / A. m. caucasica / A. m. meda / A. m. syriaca / population genetics / genetic variability / morphometry / electrophoresis / Turkey

Correspondence and reprints: Aykut Kence

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