Free Access
Volume 33, Number 3, May-June 2002
Page(s) 259 - 269

Apidologie 33 (2002) 259-269
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2002015

Identification of honeybee peptide active against Paenibacillus larvae larvae through bacterial growth-inhibition assay on polyacrylamide gel

Katarína Bachanováa, Jaroslav Klaudinya, Ján Kopernickýb and Jozef Simútha

a  Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84238 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
b  Institute of Apiculture, Research Institute of Animal Production, Gasperíková 599, 03308 Liptovský Hrádok, Slovak Republic

(Received 1 May 2001; revised 21 August 2001; accepted 13 December 2001)

The inhibition bands showing activity against Gram-positive bacteria were detected by analyses of acidic extracts of honeybee heads, thoraxes, and royal jellies (RJs) using a bacterial growth-inhibition assay on polyacrylamide gel. The presence of antibacterial peptide royalisin and another unknown peptide was found in two detected RJ inhibition bands by N-terminal sequencing. The data suggested that royalisin was the peptide responsible for the activity against Paenibacillus larvae larvae and other tested Gram-positive bacteria. The analyses of RJs collected from individual colonies at two apiaries, one of which showed incidence of American foulbrood, revealed differences in the content of the antibacterial peptide. The results suggest that the differences might be associated with genetic variability between colonies.

Key words: Apis mellifera / royal jelly / Paenibacillus larvae larvae / American foulbrood / antibacterial peptide

Correspondence and reprints: Jaroslav Klaudiny

© INRA, EDP Sciences, DIB, AGIB 2002