Free Access
Volume 38, Number 6, November-December 2007
Page(s) 534 - 544
Published online 14 December 2007
Apidologie 38 (2007) 534-544
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2007038

Acaricide residues in honey and wax after treatment of honey bee colonies with Apivar$^{\circledR}$ or Asuntol$^{\circledR}$50

Anne-Claire Martel, Sarah Zeggane, Clément Aurières, Patrick Drajnudel, Jean-Paul Faucon and Michel Aubert

Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (AFSSA), Site de Sophia Antipolis, Laboratoire d'Études et de Recherches sur les Petits Ruminants et les Abeilles (LERPRA), Unité de Pathologie de l'Abeille, 105 route des Chappes, 06902 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France

(Received 16 March 2007 - Revised 23 August 2007 - Accepted 24 August 2007 - Published online 14 December 2007)

Abstract - Acaricide residues were assessed in French commercial beeswax using newly developed liquid and gas chromatography methods. Most of the commercial wax samples and all samples taken during the industrial recycling process contained coumaphos and fluvalinate. Amitraz and coumaphos residue levels were also followed in several hives experimentally treated with Asuntol$^{\circledR}$50 or Apivar$^{\circledR}$, two products used in France to control varroa infestation. After the Asuntol$^{\circledR}$50 treatment, coumaphos residues increased in honey and wax combs, persisted more than 30 days in honey and one year or more in comb wax. The half-life of coumaphos was 69 and 115-346 days in honey and comb wax respectively. Following Apivar$^{\circledR}$ treatment, amitraz was not detected in honey nor in wax. These results are consistent with and complete other studies: the use of coumaphos entails wax contamination which persists through commercial recycling. As this may be a threat for bee health, the use of Asuntol$^{\circledR}$50 should be avoided.

Key words: honey / beeswax / acaricide / residue / contamination

© INRA, DIB-AGIB, EDP Sciences 2007