Free Access
Volume 32, Number 1, January-February 2001
Page(s) 37 - 48


  • Butler C. (1970) Chemical communication in insects: behavioral and ecologic aspects, in: Johnston J., Moulton J.R., Turk A. (Eds.), Advances in Chemoreception, Meredith Corporation, New York, pp. 35-65.
  • Carroll N., Longley R.W., Roe J.H. (1956) The determination of glycogen in liver and muscle by the use of anthrone reagent, J. Biol. Chem. 220, 583-593.
  • Crailsheim K. (1988) Intestinal transport of glucose solution during honeybee flight, in: Nachtigall W. (Ed.), The flying honeybee: aspects of energetics, Gustav Fischer Stuttgart, pp. 119-128.
  • Duffield R.M., Wheeler J.W., Eickwort G.C. (1984) Sociochemicals of bees, in: Bell W., Cardé R. (Eds.), Chemical ecology of insects, Chapman and Hall, New York, pp. 387-427.
  • Esch H. (1967) The evolution of bee language, Sci. Am. 216, 97-104.
  • Esch H., Esch I., Kerr W.E. (1965) Sound: an element common to communication of stingless bees and to dances of the honey bee, Science 149, 320-321.
  • Frisch K. von (1967) The dance language and orientation of bees, Harvard Univ Press., Cambridge, Mass.
  • Hrncir M., Jarau S., Zucchi R., Barth F. (2000) Recruitment behavior in stingless bees, Melipona scutellaris and M. quadrifasciata. II. Possible mechanisms of communication, Apidologie 31, 93-113.
  • Jarau S., Hrncir M., Zucchi R., Barth F. (2000) Recruitment behavior in stingless bees, Melipona scutellaris and M. quadrifasciata. I. Foraging at food sources differing in direction and distance, Apidologie 31, 81-91.
  • Johnson L.K. (1987) Communication of food source location by the stingless bee Trigona fulviventris., in: Rembold (Eds.), Chemistry and biology of Social Insects, Neotropical Bees, Verlag J. Peperny, München, pp. 698-699.
  • Kerr W.E. (1969) Some aspects of the evolution of Social bees, Evol. biol. 3, 175-199.
  • Kerr W.E. (1994) Communication among Melipona workers (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. Insect Behav. 7, 123-128.
  • Kerr W.E., Rocha R. (1988) Comunicaç ao em Melipona rufiventris e Melipona compressipes., Ciência e Cultura 40, 1200-1202.
  • Kerr W.E., Ferreira A., Mattos N.S. (1963) Communication among stingless bees, Additional data (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 71, 80-90.
  • Kerr W.E., Murray B., Fales H. (1981) Communication of food source between workers of Trigona (Trigona) spinipes, Rev. Brasil. Biol. 41, 619-623.
  • Kerr W.E., Lello E. (1962) Sting glands in stingless bees. A vestigial character (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 70, 190-214.
  • Kirchner W.H., Dreller C. (1993) Acoustical signals in the dance language of the giant honeybee, Apis dorsata, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 33, 67-72.
  • Lehner P.N. (1979) Handbook of Ethological Methods, Garland STPM Press, New York.
  • Lello E. (1976) Adnexal glands of the sting apparatus in bees: anatomy and histology, V (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 4, 85-99.
  • Lindauer M., Kerr W.E. (1960) Communication between the workers of stingless bees, Bee World 41, 29-41.
  • Michener C.D. (1974) The social behavior of bees: a comparative study, Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Michener C.D., McGinley R.J., Danforth B.N. (1994) The bee genera of North and Central America (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
  • Nicolson S.W. (1990) Osmoregulation in a nectar- feeding insect, the carpenter bee Xylocopa capitata: water excess and ion conservation, Physiol. Entomol. 15, 433-440.
  • Nieh J. (1998) The role of a scent beacon in the communication of food location by the stingless bee, Melipona panamica, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 43, 47-58.
  • Nieh J., Roubik D.W. (1995) A stingless bee (Melipona panamica) indicates food location without using a scent trail, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 37, 63-70.
  • Nieh J., Roubik D.W. (1998) Potential mechanisms of height and distance by a stingless bee, Melipona panamica, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 43, 387-399.
  • Schacterle G.R., Pollack R.L. (1973) A simplified method for the quantitative assay of small amounts of protein in biological material, Anal. Biochem. 51, 654-655.
  • Visscher K.P., Crailsheim K., Sherman G. (1996) How do honey bees (Apis mellifera) fuel their water foraging flights?, J. Insect Physiol. 42, 1089-1094.
  • Wille A. (1983) Biology of the stingless bees, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 28, 41-64.
  • Wilson E.O. (1971) The Insect Societies. Belknap Press of Harvard Univ.Press, Cambridge, Mass.


Copyright INRA/DIB/AGIB/EDP Sciences