Free Access
Volume 34, Number 3, May-June 2003
Page(s) 195 - 206


  • Alippi A.M., Aguilar O.M. (1998) Characterization of isolates of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae from diverse geographical origin by the polymerase chain reaction and BOX primers, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 72, 21-27.
  • Chantawannakul P., Dancer B.N. (2001) American foulbrood in honey bees, Bee World 82, 168-180.
  • Djordjevic S.P., Ho-Shon M., Hornitzky M.A. (1994) DNA restriction endonuclease profiles and typing of geographically diverse isolates of Bacillus larvae, J. Apic. Res. 33, 95-103.
  • Djordjevic S.P., Forbes W.A., Smith L.A., Hornitzky M.A. (2000) Genetic and biochemical diversity among isolates of Paenibacillus alvei cultured from Australian honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66, 1098-1106.
  • Dobbelaere W., de Graaf D.C., Peeters J.E., Jacobs F.J. (2001) Development of a fast and reliable diagnostic method for American foulbrood disease (Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae) using a 16S rRNA gene based PCR, Apidologie 32, 363-370.
  • Govan V.A., Allsopp M.H., Davison S. (1999) A PCR detection method for rapid identification of Paenibacillus larvae, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 2243-2245.
  • Hansen H., Brodsgaard C.J. (1999) American foulbrood: a review of its biology, diagnosis, and control, Bee World 80, 5-23.
  • Heyndrickx M., Vandemeulebroecke K., Hoste B., Janssen P., Kersters K., De Vos P., Logan N.A., Ali N., Kerkeley R.C. (1996) Reclassification of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al., 1993, a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) larvae (White 1906) Ash et al., 1994, as a subspecies of P. larvae, with emended descriptions of P. larvae as P. larvae subsp. larvae and P. larvae subsp. pulvifaciens, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46, 270-279.
  • Hornitzky M.A.Z., Clark S. (1991) Culture of Bacillus larvae from bulk honey samples for detection of American Foulbrood, J. Apic. Res. 30, 13-16.
  • Hulton C.S.J., Higgins C.F., Sharp P.M. (1991) ERIC sequences: a novel family of repetitive elements in the genomes of Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and other enterobacteria, Mol. Microbiol. 5, 825-762.
  • Jelinski M. (1985) Some biochemical properties of Bacillus larvae White, Apidologie 16, 69-76.
  • Martin B., Humbert O., Camara M., Guenzi E., Walker J., Mitchell T., Andrew P., Prudhomme M., Alloing G., Hakenbeck R., Morrison D.A., Boulnois G.J., Claverys J.-P. (1992) A highly conserved repeated DNA element located in the chromosome of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Nucl. Acids Res. 20, 3479-3483.
  • Olive D.M., Bean P. (1999) Principles and applications of methods for DNA-based typing of microbial organisms, J. Clin. Microbiol. 37, 1661-1669.
  • Plagemann O. (1985) Eine einfache Kulturmethode zur bakteriologischen Identifizierung von Bacillus larvae mit Columbia-Blut-Schrägagar, Berl. Münch. Tierärztl. Wschr. 98, 61-62.
  • Ritter W. (1996) Diagnostik und Bekämpfung von Bienenkrankheiten, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.
  • Stern M.J., Ames G.F.L., Smith N.H., Robinson E.C., Higgins C.F. (1984) Repetitive extragenic palindromic sequences: a major component of the bacterial genome, Cell 37, 1015-1026.
  • Versalovic J., Schneider M., de Bruijn F.J., Lupski J.R. (1994) Genomic fingerprinting of bacteria using repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction, Methods Mol. Cell. Biol. 5, 25-40.


Copyright INRA/DIB/AGIB/EDP Sciences