Free Access
Volume 34, Number 5, September-October 2003
Page(s) 429 - 437


  • Bilinski M. (1998) Rearing and wintering methods of Bombus terrestris, Int. Symp. On Apiculture Science, Proc. Apiculture Soc. Korea, pp. 86-91.
  • Duchateau M.J. (1991) Regulation of colony development, Acta Hortic. 288, 139-143.
  • Duchateau M.J. (1995) Sexual biology of haploid and diploid males in the bumble bee Bombus terrestris, Insectes Soc. 42, 255-266.
  • Duchateau M.J. (2000) Biological aspects of rearing bumble bees for pollination, in: Sommeijer M.J., de Ruijter A. (Eds.), Insect pollination in greenhouse, Royal Library, Den Haag, pp. 25-29.
  • Duchateau M.J., Velthuis H.H.W. (1988) Development and reproductive strategies in Bombus terrestris colonies, Behaviour 107, 186-207.
  • Duchateau M.J., Hoshiba H., Velthuis H.H.W. (1994) Diploid males in bumble bee Bombus terrestris, Entomol. Exp. Appl. 71, 263-269.
  • Free J.B., Butler C.G. (1959) Bumble bees London, Collins.
  • Frison T.H. (1927) Experiments in rearing colonies of bumble bees (Bremidae) in artificial nests, Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab. Woods Hole 52, 51-67.
  • Gretenkord C. (1997) Laborzucht der Dunklen Erdhummel Bombus terrestris L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) und toxikologische Untersuchungen unter Labor- und Halbfreilandbedingungen, Ph.D. Thesis, Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Bonn.
  • Gretenkord C., Drescher W. (1997) Successful colony foundation and development of experimentally hibernated Bombus terrestris queens depending on different starting methods, Acta Hortic. 437, 271-276.
  • Holm S.N. (1960) Experiments on domestication of bumble bees in particular B. lapidaries L. and B. terrestris L., R. Vet. Agric. Coll., 1-19.
  • Holm S.N. (1964) Problems on the domestication of bumble bees, Proc. Int. Symp. on Pollination Suppl. to Bee World 1966 47, 179-186.
  • Plowright R.C., Jay S.C. (1966) Rearing bumble bee colonies in captivity, J. Apic. Res. 5, 155-165.
  • Pouvreau A. (1976) Contribution à la biologie des Bourdons (Hymenoptera, Apoidae, Bombinae). Étude de quelques paramètres écologiques et physiologiques en relation avec l'hibernation des reines, Thèse, Univ. Paris-Sud, 273 p.
  • Ptacek V. (1985) Testing three methods of rearing bumble bees, Sb. Vedeckckych Praci Vyzkumny a selchtitelssky ustav picnicnarsky v Troubsko u Brna 9, 59-67 (in Czech.).
  • Röseler P.F. (1985) A technique for year-round rearing of Bombus terrestri (Apidae: Bombini) colonies in captivity, Apidologie 16, 165-170.
  • Sladen F.W.L. (1912) The humble bee, its life history and how to domesticate it, Macmillan, London.
  • SAS Institute (1988) SAS/STAT User's Guide, Cary, NC, USA.
  • Van Doorn A., Chrambach A. (1989) Retinue behaviour in bumble bee workers (Bombus terrestris L.), J. Apic. Res. 28, 66-70.
  • Van Honk C., Hogeweg P. (1981) The ontogeny of the social structure in a captive Bombus terrestris colony, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 9, 111-119.
  • van den Eijnde J., de Ruijter A., van der Steen J. (1991) Methods for rearing Bombus terrestris continuously and the production of bumble bee colonies for pollination purposes, Acta Hortic. 288, 154-158.
  • Yeninar H., Kaftanoglu O. (1997) Colony development of Anatolian bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) under laboratory conditions. VII Int. Symp. Pollination, Acta Hortic. 437, 277-282.
  • Yeninar H., Duchateau M.J., Kaftanoglu O., Velthuis H. (2000) Colony developmental patterns in different local populations of the Turkish bumble bee, Bombus terrestris dalmatinus, J. Apic. Res. 39, 107-116.
  • Zapletal F. (1965) Zásadní pondminky pro umêly chov cmelák $\bar{{\rm u}}$. A pro zimo vání samicek, Ved. Práce v $\bar{{\rm u}}$ vce lars keho V Dole, 190-203.


Copyright INRA/DIB/AGIB/EDP Sciences