Free Access
Volume 34, Number 5, September-October 2003
Page(s) 449 - 455


  • Bezerra J.C.D. (1995) Aspectos da reproduç ao de Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Viçosa, MG, Dissertaç ao de Mestrado, 65 p.
  • Camargo C.A. (1972) Mating of the social bee Melipona quadrifasciata under controlled conditions (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 45, 520-523.
  • Camargo C.A. (1979) Sex determination in Bees. XI. Production of diploid males and sex determination in Melipona quadrifasciata, J. Apic. Res. 18, 77-83.
  • Camargo C.A. (1982) Longevity of diploid males, haploid males, and workers of the social bee Melipona quadrifasciata, J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 55, 8-12.
  • Campos L.A.O., Melo G.A.R. (1990) Physogastricqueen mating in Melipona quadrifasciata Lep. (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Rev. Bras. Genet. 13, 491-500.
  • Cane J.H. (1987) Estimation of bee size using intertegular span (Apoidea), J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 60, 145-147.
  • Carvalho G.A., Kerr W.E., Nascimento V.A. (1995) Sex determination in bees. XXXIII. Decrease of xo heteroalleles in a finite population of Melipona scutellaris (Apidae, Meliponini), Braz. J. Genet. 18, 13-16.
  • Contel E.P.B., Kerr W.E. (1976) Origin of males in Melipona subnitida estimated from data of an isozymic polymorphic system, Genetica 46, 271-277.
  • Cook J.M. (1993) Sex determination in the Hymenoptera: a review of models and evidence, Heredity 7, 421-435.
  • Crozier R.S., Pamilo P. (1996) Evolution of social insects colonies. Sex allocation and kin selection, Oxford University Press, New York.
  • DaSilva D.L.N., Zucchi R., Kerr W.E. (1972) Biological and behavioural aspects of reproduction in some species of Melipona (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae), Anim. Behav. 20, 123-132.
  • Duchateau M.J., Mariën J. (1995) Sexual biology of haploid and diploid males in the bumble bee Bombus terrestris, Insectes Soc. 42, 255-266.
  • El Agoze M., Periquet G. (1993) Viability of diploid males in the parasitic wasp, Diadromus pulchellus (Hym.: Ichneumonidae), Entomophaga 38, 199-206.
  • Engels E., Engels W. (1988) Age-dependent queen attractiveness for drones and mating in the stingless bee, Scaptotrigona postica, J. Apic. Res. 27, 3-8.
  • Holloway A.K., Heimpel G.E., Strand M.R., Antolin M.F. (1999) Survival of diploid males in Bracon sp. near hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 92, 110-116.
  • Kerr W.E., Zucchi R., Nakadaira J.T., Butolo J.E. (1962) Reproduction in the social bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. N.Y. Entomol. Soc. 70, 265-276.
  • Kukuk P.F., May B. (1990) Diploid males in a primitively eusocial bee, Lasioglossum (Dialictus) zephyrum (Hymenoptera: Halictidae), Evolution 44, 909-912.
  • Machado M.F.P., Contel E.P.B., Kerr W.E. (1984) Proportion of males sons-of-the-queen and sons-of-workers in Plebeia droryana (Hymenoptera, Apidae) estimated from data of an MDH isozymic polymorphic system, Genetica 65, 193-198.
  • Naito T., Susuki H. (1991) Sex determination in the sawfly, Athalia rosae ruficornis (Hymenoptera): occurence of triploid males, J. Hered. 82, 101-104.
  • Noda T. (2000) Detection of diploid males and estimation of sex determination system in the parasitic wasp Diadegma semiclausum (Hellén) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) using an allozyme as a genetic marker, Appl. Entomol. Zool. 35, 41-44.
  • Packer L., Owen R.E. (1990) Allozyme variation, linkage disequilibrium and diploid male production in a primitively social bee Augochlorella striata (Hymenoptera: Halictidae), Heredity 65, 241-248.
  • Paxton R.J., Weischuh N., Engels W., Hartfelder K. (1999) Not only single mating in stingless bees, Naturwissenschaften 86, 143-146.
  • Peters J.M., Queller D.C., Imperatriz-Fonseca V., Roubik D.W., Strassmann J.E. (1999) Mate number, kin selection and social conflicts in stingless bees and honeybees, Proc. R. Soc. London B 266, 379-384.
  • Petters R.M., Mettus R.V. (1980) Decreased diploid male viability in the parasitic wasp, Bracon hebetor, J. Hered. 70, 420-427.
  • Plowright R.C., Pallett M.J. (1979) Worker-male conflict and inbreeding in bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Can. Entomol. 11, 289-294.
  • Ross K.G., Fletcher D.J.C. (1985) Genetic origin of male diploidy in the fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and its evolutionary significance, Evolution 39, 888-903.
  • Sakagami S.F. (1982) Stingless bees, in: Hermann H.R. (Ed.), Social Insects, Vol. III, Academic Press, New York, pp. 361-423.
  • Sakagami, S.F., Laroca S. (1963) Additional observations on the habits of the cleptobiotic stingless bees, the genus Lestrimellita Friese, J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ. (VI, Zool.) 15, 319-339.
  • Smith S.G., Wallace D.R. (1971) Allelic sex determination in a lower hymenopteran, Neodiprion nigroscutum Midd, Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 13, 617-621.
  • Whiting P.W. (1943) Multiple alleles in a complementary sex determination of Habrobracon, Genetics 28, 365-382.
  • Woyke J. (1967) Diploid drone substance - cannibalism substance, Proc. XXI Int. Beekeeping Congr., Bucharest Apimondia Publ. House, pp. 471-472.
  • Woyke J. (1973) Reproductive organs of haploid and diploid drone honeybees, J. Apic. Res. 12, 35-51.
  • Woyke J. (1974) Genic balance, heterozigosity and inheritance of size of testes in diploid drone honeybees, J. Apic. Res. 13, 77-91.
  • Woyke J. (1978) Comparative biometrical investigation on diploid drones of the honeybee. II. The thorax, J. Apic. Res. 17, 195-205.


Copyright INRA/DIB/AGIB/EDP Sciences