Free Access
Volume 36, Number 2, April-June 2005
the neglected gender - males in bees
Page(s) 223 - 229
Published online 01 June 2005
References of Apidologie 36 223-229
  • Baudry E., Solignac M., Garnery L., Gries M., Cornuet J.M., Koeniger N. (1998) Relatedness among honeybees (Apis mellifera) of a drone congregation, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 26, 2009-2014.
  • Blouin M.S., Parsons M., Lacaille V., Lotz S. (1996) Use of microsatellite loci to classify individuals by relatedness, Mol. Ecol. 5, 393-401 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Cornuet J.M., Aries F. (1980) Number of sex alleles in a sample of honeybee colonies, Apidologie 11, 87-93.
  • Estoup A., Solignac M., Cornuet J.M. (1994) Precise assessment of the number of patrilines and of genetic relatedness in honeybee colonies, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 258, 1-7.
  • Kerr W. (1967) Multiple alleles and genetic load in bees, J. Apic. Res. 6, 61-64.
  • Li C.C., Weeks D.E., Chkravarti A. (1993) Similarity of DNA fingerprints due to chance and relatedness, Hum. Hered. 43, 45-52 [PubMed].
  • Lynch M., Ritland K. (1999) Estimation of pairwise relatedness with molecular markers, Genetics 152, 1753-1766 [PubMed].
  • Moritz R.F.A., Kryger P., Koeniger G., Koeniger N., Estoup A., Tingek S. (1995) High degree of polyandry in Apis dorsata queens detected by DNA microsatellite variability, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 37, 357-363 [CrossRef].
  • Moritz R.F.A., Kryger P., Allsopp M. (1996) Competition for royalty in bees, Nature 384, 522.
  • Moritz R.F.A., Scharpenberg H., Lattorff H.M.G., Neumann P. (2003) A technical note for using microsatellite DNA analyses in haploid male DNA pools of social Hymenoptera, Insectes Soc. 50.
  • Oldroyd B.P., Clifton M.J., Wongsiri S., Rinderer T.E., Sylvester H.A., Crozier R.H. (1997) Polyandry in the genus Apis, particularly Apis andreniformis, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 40, 17-26 [CrossRef].
  • Pamilo P., Crozier R.H. (1997) Population Biology of Social Insect Conservation, Mem. Mus. Vict. 56, 411-419.
  • Pamilo P., Gertsch P., Thoren P., Seppa P. (1997) Molecular population genetics of social insects, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 28, 1-25 [CrossRef].
  • Solignac M., Vautrin D., Loiseau A., Mougel F., Baudry E., Estoup A., Garnery L., Haberl M., Cornuet J.M. (2003) Five hundred and fifty microsatellite markers for the study of the honeybee (Apis mellifera), Mol. Ecol. Notes 3, 307-311 [CrossRef].
  • Strassmann J. (2001) The rarity of multiple mating by females in the social Hymenoptera, Insectes Soc. 48, 1-13.
  • Walsh P.S., Metzger D.A., Higuchi R. (1991) Chelex 100ª as a medium for simple extraction of DNA for PCR-based typing from forensic material, Biotechniques 10, 506-513 [PubMed].
  • Wang J. (2002) An estimator for pair wise relatedness using molecular markers, Genetics 160, 1203-1215 [PubMed].
  • Wattanachaiyingcharoen W., Oldroyd B.P., Wongsiri S., Palmer K., Paar R. (2003) A scientific note on the mating frequency of Apis dorsata, Apidologie 34, 85-86 [EDP Sciences] [CrossRef].
  • Wilson E.O. (1971) The Insect Societies, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Wright S. (1933) Inbreeding and homozygosis, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 19, 411-420.