Free Access
Volume 39, Number 4, July-August 2008
Page(s) 436 - 445
Published online 25 June 2008
References of  Apidologie 39 (2008) 436-445
  • Albo G.N., Henning C., Ringuelet J., Reynaldi F.J., De Giusti M.R., Alippi A.M. (2003) Evaluation of some essential oils for the control and prevention of American Foulbrood disease in honey bees, Apidologie 34, 417-427 [EDP Sciences].
  • Assil H.I., Sporns P. (1991) ELISA and HPLC methods for analysis of fumagillin and its decomposition products in honey, J. Agric. Food Chem. 39, 2206-2213 [CrossRef].
  • Bailey L., Ball B.V. (1991) Honey bee pathology, Academic Press, London.
  • Barbara L., Pellegrini R. (1975) Il lisozima di Fleming. Significato biologico e applicazioni terapeutiche, Edizioni Minerva Medica, Torino.
  • Bogdanov S., Kilchenmann V., Imdorf A., Fluri P. (1998) Residues in honey after application of thymol against varroa using the franko thymol frame, Am. Bee J. 133, 610-611.
  • Borchert A. (1966) Krankheiten und Schädlinge der Honigbiene, S. Hirzel Verlag, Leipzig.
  • Cantwell G.E., Shimanuki H. (1970) The use of heat to control nosema and increase production for the commercial beekeeper, Am. Bee J. 110, 263.
  • Chiesa F. (1991) Effective control of varroatosis using powdered thymol, Apidologie 22, 135-145 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  • de Graaf D.C., Raes H., Sabbe G., De Rycke P.H., Jacobs F.J. (1994) Early development of Nosema apis (Microspora: Nosematidae) in the midgut epithelium of the honeybee (Apis mellifera), J. Invertebr. Pathol. 63, 74-81 [CrossRef].
  • Ebert T.A., Kevan P.G., Bishop B.L., Kevan S.D., Downer R.A. (2007) Oral toxicity of essential oils and organic acids fed to honey bees (Apis mellifera), J. Apic. Res. 46, 220-224.
  • EC (2007) Council Regulation No. 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91, Off. J. Eur. Union L189, 20.07.2007, 1-23.
  • Forsgren E., Fries I. (2003) Acidic food and nosema (Nosema apis) disease, in: Proc. XXXVIIIth Apimondia Int. Apic. Congr Ljubljana, Slovenia, August 24-29, 2003, pp. 488-489.
  • Fremont L. (2000) Biological effects of resveratrol, Life Sci. 66, 663-673 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Fries I. (1993) Nosema apis - A parasite in the honey bee colony, Bee World 74, 5-19.
  • Fries I., Feng F., Silva A. da, Slemenda S.B., Pieniazek N.J. (1996) Nosema ceranae n. sp. (Microspora, Nosematidae), morphological and molecular characterization of a microsporidian parasite of The Asian honey bee Apis cerana (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Eur. J. Protistol. 32, 356-365.
  • Furgala B., Mussen E.C. (1990) Protozoa, in: Morse R.A., Nowogrodzki R. (Eds.), Honey bee pests, predators, and diseases, 2nd ed, Comstock, Ithaca, NY, pp. 49-63.
  • Gontarski G., Wagner O. (1954) Quantitative Versuche zur chemotherapeutischen Bekämpfung von Nosema apis Zander bei der Honigbiene, Arzneim. Forsch. 4, 161-168.
  • Henderson G., Heumann D.O., Laine R.A., Maistrello L., Zhu B.C.R., Chen F. (2003) Extracts of vetiver oil as a repellent and toxicant to ants, ticks, and cockroaches, US-2003-0073748-A1, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  • Higes M., Martín R., Meana A. (2006) Nosema ceranae, a new microsporidian parasite in honeybees in Europe, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 92, 93-95 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Hornitzky M. (2005) Nosema disease. Literature review and survey of beekeepers. RIRDC Publication No. 05/055, Australian Government, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation,
  • Huang W.F., Bocquet M., Lee K.C., Sung I.H., Jiang J.H., Chen Y.W., Wang C.H. (2008) The comparison of rDNA spacer regions of Nosema ceranae isolates from different hosts and locations, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 97, 9-13 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Huang W.F., Jiang J.H., Chen Y.W., Wang C.H. (2007) A Nosema ceranae isolate form the honeybee Apis mellifera, Apidologie 38, 30-37 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  • Imdorf A., Kilchenmann V., Bogdanov S., Bachofen B., Beretta C. (1995) Toxic effects of thymol, camphor, menthol and eucalyptol on Varroa jacobsoni Oud and Apis mellifera L. in a laboratory test, Apidologie. 26, 27-31 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  • Juven B.J., Kanner J., Schved F., Weisslowicz H. (1994) Factors that interact with the antibacterial action of thyme essential oil and its active constituents, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 76, 626-631 [PubMed].
  • Katznelson H., Jamieson H. (1952) Control of nosema disease with fumagillin, Science 115, 70-71 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • L'Arrivee J.C.M. (1965) Sources of nosema infection, Am. Bee J. 105, 246-248.
  • Leiro J., Cano E., Ubeira F.M., Orallo F., Sanmartìn M.L. (2004) In vitro effects of resveratrol on the viability and infectivity of the Microsporidian Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Antimicrob. Agents Ch. 48, 2497-2501 [CrossRef].
  • Lenga R.E. (1988) The Sigma-Aldrich library of chemical safety data, Sigma-Aldrich Corporation 35.
  • Liu T.P. (1973) Effects of Fumidil B on the spore of Nosema apis and on lipids of the host cell as revealed by freeze-etching, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 22, 364-368 [CrossRef].
  • Lodi R. (1989) Il lisozima: situazioni e prospettive, Il latte 14, 832-833.
  • Lotmar R. (1940) Beiträge zur Pathologie des Bienendarmes. C. Über den Infektionsverlauf und die Vermehrung des Parasiten Nosema apis (Quantitative Untersuchungen), Landwirtsch. Jb. Schweiz. 54.
  • Lotmar R. (1943) Über den Einfluß der Temperatur auf den Parasiten Nosema apis, Beih. Schweiz. Bienen-Zeitung 6, 261-284.
  • MacDonald D.N. (1978) Diseases of the honeybee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in British Colombia, with special emphasis on nosema disease, Nosema apis (Sporozoa: Nosematidae), in the lower Fraser Valley, 13. Simon Fraser University, Canada.
  • Mahmoud A.L.E. (1999) Inhibition of growth and aflatoxin biosynthesis of Aspergillus flavus by extracts of some Egyptian plants, L. Appl. Microbiol 29, 334-336 [CrossRef].
  • Maistrello L., Henderson G., Laine R.A. (2001a) Effects of nootkatone and a borate compound on Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) and its symbiont protozoa, J. Entomol. Sci. 36, 229-236.
  • Maistrello L., Henderson G., Laine R.A. (2001b) Efficacy of vetiver oil and nootkatone as soil barriers against Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), J. Econ. Entomol. 94, 1532-1537 [PubMed].
  • Maistrello L., Henderson G., Laine R.A. (2003) Comparative effects of vetiver oil, nootkatone and disodium octaborate tetrahydrate on Coptotermes formosanus and its symbiotic fauna, Pest. Manage. Sci. 59, 58-68 [CrossRef].
  • Malone L.A., Gatehouse H.S. (1998) Effects of Nosema apis infection on honey bee (Apis mellifera) digestive proteolytic enzyme activity, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 71, 169-174 [CrossRef].
  • Malone L.A., Gatehouse H.S., Tregidga E.L. (2001) Effects of time, temperature, and honey on Nosema apis (Microsporidia: Nosematidae), a parasite of the honeybee, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae), J. Invertebr. Pathol. 77, 258-268 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Malone L.A., Giacon H.A. (1996) Effects of Nosema apis Zander on inbred New Zealand honey bees (Apis mellifera ligustica L), Apidologie 27, 479-486 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  • Martín R., Meana A., Higes M. (2005) Increase of nosemosis prevalence in Spain, Acta Parasitol. Portug. 12, 50.
  • Martìn-Hernández R., Meana A., Prieto L., Martìnez Salvador A., Garrido-Bailón E., Higes M. (2007) Outcome of colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73, 6331-6338 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Moffet J.O., Lackett J.J., Hitchcock J.D. (1969) Compounds tested for control of nosema in honey bees, J. Econ. Entomol. 62, 886-889.
  • Rice R.N. (2001) Nosema disease in honeybees. Genetic variation and control. Report n. 01/46, Australian Government, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Sellier N., Cazaussus A. (1991) Structure determination of sesquiterpenes in chinese vetiver oil by gas chromatography -tandem mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. 557, 451-458 [CrossRef].
  • Szabo T.I., Heikel D.T. (1987) Effect of dry fumagillin feeding on spring Nosema spore counts in overwintered colonies, Am. Bee J. 127, 210-211.
  • Valenzano D.R., Terzibasi E., Genade T., Cattaneo A., Domenici L., Cellerino A. (2006) Resveratrol prolongs lifespan and retards the onset of age-related markers in a short-lived vertebrate, Curr. Biol. 16, 296-300 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  • Viollon C., Chaumont J.P. (1994) Antifungal properties of essential oils e their main components upon Cryptococcus neoformans, Mycopathologia 123, 151-153 [CrossRef].
  • Webster T.C. (1993) Nosema apis spore transmission among honey bees, Am. Bee J. 133, 869-870.
  • Webster T.C., Pomper K.W., Hunt G., Thacker E.M., Jones S.C. (2004) Nosema apis infection in worker and queen Apis mellifera, Apidologie 35, 49-54 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences].
  • Wyborn M.H., McCutcheon D.M. (1987) A comparison of dry and wet fumagillin treatments for spring nosema disease suppression of overwintered colonies, Am. Bee J. 127, 207-209.
  • Yucel B., Dogaroglu M. (2005) The impact of Nosema apis Z. infestation of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies after using different treatment methods and their effects on the population levels of workers and honey production on consecutive years, Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 8, 1142-1145.