Free Access
Volume 41, Number 4, July-August 2010
Page(s) 425 - 427
  • Alippi A.M., Reynaldi F.J., López A.C., De Giusti M.R., Aguilar O.M. (2004) Molecular epidemiology of Paenibacillus larvae larvae and incidence of American foulbrood in Argentinian honeys from Buenos Aires province, J. Apic. Res. 43, 135–143. [Google Scholar]
  • Bakonyi T., Derakhshifar I., Grabensteiner E., Nowotney N. (2003) Development and evaluation of PCR assays for the detection of Paenibacillus larvae in honey samples: comparison with isolation and biochemical characterization, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69, 1504–1510. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Dingmann D.W., Stahly D.P. (1983) Medium promoting sporulation of Bacillus larvae and metabolism of medium components, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 46, 860–869. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Forsgren E., Stevanovic J., Fries I. (2008) Variability in germination and in temperature and storage resistance among Paenibacillus larvae genotypes, Vet. Microbiol. 129, 342–349. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hornitzky M.A.Z., Clark S. (1991) Culture of Bacillus larvae from bulk honey samples for the detection of American foulbrood, J. Apic. Res. 30, 13–16. [Google Scholar]
  • Kilwinski J., Peters M., Ashiralieva A., Genersch E. (2004) Proposal to reclassify Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens DSM 3615 (ATCC 49843) as Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae. Results of a comparative biochemical and genetic study, Vet. Microbiol. 104, 31–42. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lauro F.M., Favaretto M., Covolo L., Rassu M., Bertoloni G. (2003) Rapid detection of Paenibacillus larvae from honey and hive samples with a novel nested PCR protocol, Int. J. Food Microbiol. 81, 195–201. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nordström S., Fries I. (1995) A comparison of media and cultural conditions for identification of Bacillus larvae in honey, J. Apic. Res. 34, 97–103. [Google Scholar]
  • OIE (2008) Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, Chap. 2.2.2, pp. 395–404. [Google Scholar]
  • Piccini C., D’Alessandro B., Antúnez K., Zunino P. (2002) Detection of Paenibacillus larvae subspecies larvae spores in naturally infected bee larvae and artificially contaminated honey by PCR, World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 18, 761–765. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ritter W. (2003) Early detection of American foulbrood by honey and wax analysis, Apiacta 38, 125–130. [Google Scholar]