Free Access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 41, Number 3, May-June 2010
Honey bee health
Page(s) 332 - 352
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010014
Published online 07 April 2010
  • Aizen M.A., Harder L.D. (2009) The global stock of domesticated honey bees is growing slower than agricultural demand for pollination, Curr. Biol. 19, 915–918. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Aizen M., Garibaldi L., Cunningham S., Klein A. (2008) Long-term global trends in crop yield and production reveal no current pollination shortage but increasing pollinator dependency, Curr. Biol. 18, 1572–1575. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Akyol E., Yeninar H., Karatepe M., Karatepe B., Özkök D. (2007) Effects of queen ages on Varroa (Varroa destructor) infestation level in honey bee (Apis mellifera caucasica) colonies and colony performance, Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 6, 143–149. [Google Scholar]
  • Amdam G.V., Hartfelder K., Norberg K., Hagen A., Omholt S.W. (2004) Altered physiology in worker honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) infested with the mite Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae): A factor in colony loss during overwintering? J. Econ. Entomol. 97, 741–747. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bailey L., Ball B.V. (1991) Honey Bee Pathology, Academic Press, New York, London. [Google Scholar]
  • Bailey L., Gibbs A.J., Woods R.D. (1963) Two viruses from adult honey bees (Apis mellifera Linnaeus), Virology 21, 390–395. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Baker A., Schroeder D. (2008) Occurrence and genetic analysis of picorna-like viruses infecting worker bees of Apis mellifera L. populations in Devon, South West England, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 98, 239–242. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bakonyi T., Farkas R., Szendroi A., Dobos-Kovacs M., Rusvai M. (2002) Detection of acute bee paralysis virus by RT-PCR in honey bee and Varroa destructor field samples: rapid screening of representative Hungarian apiaries, Apidologie 33, 63–74. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Ball B.V. (1983) The association of Varroa jacobsoni with virus diseases of honey bees, Exp. Appl. Acarol. 19, 607–613. [CrossRef] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ball B.V. (1989) Varroa jacobsoni as a virus vector, In Present status of varroatosis in Europe and progress in the varroa mite control, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. [Google Scholar]
  • Ball B.V., Allen M.E. (1988) The prevalence of pathogens in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonoes infested with the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni, Ann. Appl. Biol. 113, 237–244. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Barnett E.A., Charlton A.J., Fletcher M.R. (2007) Incidents of bee poisoning with pesticides in the United Kingdom, 1994-2003, Pest Manag. Sci. 63, 1051–1057. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Berenyi O., Bakonyi T., Derakhshifar I., Köglberger H., Nowotny N. (2006) Occurence of six honey bee viruses in diseased Austrian apiaries, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72, 2414–2420. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bowen-Walker P.L., Martin S.J., Gunn A. (1999) The transmission of deformed wing virus between honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) by the ectoparasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud., J. Invertebr. Pathol. 73, 101–106. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Chauzat M.P., Higes M., Martin-Hernandez R., Meana A., Cougoule N., Faucon J.P. (2007) Presence of Nosema ceranae in French honey bee colonies, J. Apic. Res. 46, 127–128. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chen Y.P., Huang Z.Y. (2010) Nosema ceranae, a newly identified pathogen of Apis mellifera in the U.S.A. and Asia, Apidologie 41, 364–374. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Cox-Foster D.L., Conlan S., Holmes E.C., Palacios G., Evans J.D., Moran N.A., Quan P.-L., Briese S., Hornig M., Geiser D.M., Martinson V., vanEngelsdorp D., Kalkseitn A.L., Drysdale L., Hui J., Zhai J., Cui L., Hutchison S., Simons J.F., Egholm M., Pettis J.S., Lipkin W.I. (2007) A metagenomic survey of microbes in honey bee colony collapse disorder, Science 318, 283–287. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Currie R.W., Gatien P. (2006) Timing acaricide treatments to prevent Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) from causing economic damage to honey bee colonies, Can. Entomol. 138, 238–252. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • de Miranda J.R., Fries I. (2008) Venereal and vertical transmission of deformed wing virus in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.), J. Invertebr. Pathol. 98, 184–189. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • de Miranda J.R., Genersch E. (2010) Deformed wing virus, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 103, S48–S61. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • de Miranda J., Cordoni G., Budge G. (2010) The acute bee paralysis virus – Kashmir bee virus – Israeli acute paralysis virus complex, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 103, S30–S47. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Decourtye A., Devillers J., Cluzeau S., Charreton M., Pham-Delègue M.H. (2004) Effects of imidacloprid and deltamethrin on associative learning in honey bees under semi-field and laboratory conditions, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 57, 410–419. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Decourtye A., Lacassie E., Pham-Delègue M.H. (2003) Learning performances of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) are differentially affected by imidacloprid according to the season, Pest Manag. Sci. 59, 269–278. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Delaplane K.S., Hood W.M. (1999) Economic threshold for Varroa jacobsoni Oud. in the southeastern USA, Apidologie 30, 383–395. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Desneux N., Decourtye A., Delpuech J.M. (2007) The sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 52, 81–106. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ellis J., Evans J.D., Pettis J. (2010) Reviewing colony losses and Colony Collapse Disorder in the United States, J. Apic. Res. 49, 134–136. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fries I., Camazine S., Sneyd J. (1994) Population dynamics of Varroa jacobsoni: a model and a review, Bee World 75, 5–28. [Google Scholar]
  • Fries I., Ekbohm G., Villumstad E. (1984) Nosema apis, sampling techniques and honey yield, J. Apic. Res. 23, 102–105. [Google Scholar]
  • Fries I., Hansen H., Imdorf A., Rosenkranz P. (2003) Swarming in honey bees (Apis mellifera) and Varroa destructor population development in Sweden, Apidologie 34, 389–398. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Genersch E. (2005) Development of a rapid and sensitive RT-PCR method for the detection of deformed wing virus, a pathogen of the honey bee (Apis mellifera), Vet. J. 169, 121–123. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Giray T., Kence M., Oskay D., Döke M.A., Kence A. (2010) Colony losses survey in Turkey and causes of bee deaths, Apidologie, in press, DOI 10.1051/apido/2009077. [Google Scholar]
  • Gisder S., Aumeier P., Genersch E. (2009) Deformed wing virus (DWV): viral load and replication in mites (Varroa destructor), J. Gen. Virol. 90, 463–467. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Gnädinger F. (1984) Auswinterungsverluste bei Bienenvölkern in Baden, Allg. Deutsche Imkerzeitung 18, 297–299. [Google Scholar]
  • Goodwin R.M., Taylor M.A., Mcbrydie H.M., Cox H.M. (2006) Drift of Varroa destructor -infested worker honey bees to neighbouring colonies, J. Apic. Res. 45, 155–156. [Google Scholar]
  • Greatti M., Milani N., Nazzi F. (1992) Reinfestation of an acaricide-treated apiary by Varroa jacobsoni Oud., Exp. Appl. Acarol. 16, 279–286. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Higes M., Garcia-Palencia P., Martin-Hernandez R., Meana A. (2007) Experimental infection of Apis mellifera honey bees with Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia), J. Invertebr. Pathol. 94, 211–217. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Higes M., Martín-Hernández R., Botías C., Garrido Bailón E., González-Porto A.V., Barrios L., del Nozal M.J., Bernal J.L., Jiménez J.J., García Palencia P., Meana A. (2008) How natural infection by Nosema ceranae causes honey bee colony collapse, Environ. Microbiol. 10, 2659–2669. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Higes M., Martín-Hernández R., Garrido-Bailón E., González-Porto A.V., García-Palencia P., Meana A., del Nozal M.J., Mayo R., Bernal J.L. (2009) Honey bee colony collapse due to Nosema ceranae in professional apiaries, Environ. Microbiol. Rep. 1, 110–113. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Higes M., Martin R., Meana A. (2006) Nosema ceranae, a new microsporidian parasite in honey bees in Europe, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 92, 93–95. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Highfield A.C., El Nagar A., Mackinder L.C.M., Noël L.M.-L.J., Hall M.J., Martin S.J., Schroeder D.C. (2009) Deformed wing virus implicated in over-wintering honey bee colony losses, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75, 7212–7220. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Horn H. (2009) Die wichtigsten Trachtpflanzen und ihre Sortenhonige, Teil 1: Raps. Allg. Deutsche Imkerzeitung 43, 13–15. [Google Scholar]
  • Iqbal J., Müller I. (2007) Virus infection causes specific learning deficits in honey bee foragers, Proc. R. Soc. B 274, 1517–1521. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Johnson R.M., Ellis M.D., Mullin C.A., Frazier M. (2010) Pesticides and honey bee toxicitiy – U.S.A., Apidologie 41, 312–331. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Johnson R.M., Evans J.D., Robinson G.E., Berenbaum M.R. (2009) Changes in transcript abundance relating to colony collapse disorder in honey bees (Apis mellifera), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 14790–14795. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Karise R. (2007) Foraging behaviour and physiology of bees: impact of insecticides, PhD-thesis, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia, 123 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Klee J., Besana A.M., Genersch E., Gisder S., Nanetti A., Tam D.Q., Chinh T.X., Puerta F., Ruz J.M., Kryger P., Message D., Hatjina F., Korpela S., Fries I., Paxton R.J. (2007) Widespread dispersal of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 96, 1–10. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Klein A.-M., Vaissiere B.E., Cane J.H., Steffan-Dewenter I., Cunningham S.A., Kremen C., Tscharntke T. (2007) Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops, Proc. R. Soc. B 274, 303–313. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Liebig G. (2001) How many varroa mites can be tolerated by a honey bee colony? Apidologie 32, 482–484. [Google Scholar]
  • Maori E., Lavi S., Mozes-Koch R., Gantman Y., Edelbaum O., Tanne E., Sela I. (2007) Isolation and characterization of IAPV, a dicistrovirus affecting honey bees in Israel: evidence for intra- and inter-species recombination, J. Gen. Virol. 88, 3428–3438. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Maori E., Paldi N., Shafir S., Kalev H., Tsur E., Glick E., Sela I. (2009) IAPV, a bee-affecting virus associated with Colony Collapse Disorder can be silenced by dsRNA ingestion, Insect Mol. Biol. 18, 55–60. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Martin-Hernandez R., Meana A., Garcia-Palencia P., Marin P., Botias C., Garrido-Bailon E., Barrios L., Higes M. (2009) Effect of temperature on the biotic potential of honey bee microsporidia, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75, 2554-2557. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Martin S.J. (2001) The role of Varroa and viral pathogens in the collapse of honey bee colonies: a modelling approach, J. Appl. Ecol. 38, 1082–1093. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Martin-Hernandez R., Meana A., Prieto L., Salvador A.M., Garrido-Bailon E., Higes M. (2007) Outcome of colonization of Apis mellifera by Nosema ceranae, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73, 6331–6338. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Meixner M.D., Illies I., Büchler R., Wallner K. (2009) Pesticide use in rape seed culture - are residues in honey unavoidable? Apidologie 49, 669. [Google Scholar]
  • Moncharmont F.X.D., Decourtye A., Hennequet-Hantier C., Pons O., Pham-Delègue M.H. (2003) Statistical analysis of honey bee survival after chronic exposure to insecticides, Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 22, 3088–3094. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Moritz R.F.A., de Miranda J., Fries I., Le Conte Y., Neumann P., Paxton R.J. (2010) Research strategies to improve honey bee health in Europe, Apidologie 41, 227–242. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Morse R.A., Calderone, N.W. (2000) The value of honey bee pollination in the United States, Bee Culture 128, 1–15. [Google Scholar]
  • Oldroyd B.P. (2007) What’s killing American honey bees? PLoS Biology 5, e168. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Pettis J.S., Delaplane K.S. (2010) Coordinated responses to honey bee decline in U.S.A., Apidologie 41, 256–263. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Pham-Delègue M.H., Decourtye A., Kaiser L., Devillers J. (2002) Behavioural methods to assess the effects of pesticides on honey bees, Apidologie 33, 425–432. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Potts S.G., Roberts S.P.M., Dean R., Marris G., Brown M.A., Jones H.R., Neumann P., Settele J. (2010) Declines of managed honey bees and beekeepers in Europe, J. Apic. Res. 49, 15–22. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Renz M., Rosenkranz P. (2001) Infestation dynamics and reinvasion of Varroa destructor mites in honey bee colonies kept isolated and in groups, Apidologie 32, 492–494. [Google Scholar]
  • Rosenkranz P., Kirsch R., Renz R. (2006) Population dynamics of honey bee colonies and varroa tolerance: a comparison between Uruguay and Germany, In: 7th Encontro sobre Abelhas, USP, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. [Google Scholar]
  • Shen M., Yang X., Cox-Foster D., Cui L. (2005) The role of varroa mites in infections of Kashmir bee virus (KBV) and deformed wing virus (DWV) in honey bees, Virology 342, 141–149. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Siede R., König M., Büchler R., Failing K., Thiel H.-J. (2008) A real-time PCR based survey on acute bee paralysis virus in German bee colonies, Apidologie 39, 650–661. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Stoltz D.B., Shen X.-R., Boggis C., Sisson G. (1995) Molecular diagnosis of Kashmir bee virus infection, J. Apic. Res. 34, 153–160. [Google Scholar]
  • Strange J.P., Sheppard, W.S. (2001) Optimum timing of miticide applications for control of Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) in Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Washington State, USA, J. Econ. Entomol. 94, 1324–1331. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Tentcheva D., Gauthier L., Zappulla N., Dainat B., Cousserans F., Colin M.E., Bergoin M. (2004) Prevalence and seasonal variations of six bee viruses in Apis mellifera L. and Varroa destructor mite populations in France, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70, 7185–7191. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Topolska G., Gajda A., Hartwig A. (2008) Polish honey bee colony losses during the winter of 2007/ 2008, J. Apic. Sci. 52, 95–104. [Google Scholar]
  • vanEngelsdorp D., Evans J.D., Donovall L., Mullin C., Frazier M., Frazier J., Tarpy D.R., Hayes J., Pettis J.S. (2009) “Entombed Pollen”: A new condition in honey bee colonies associated with increased risk of colony mortality, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 101, 147–149. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • vanEngelsdorp D., Evans J.D., Saegerman C., Mullin C., Haubruge E., Nguyen B.K., Frazier M., Frazier J., Cox-Foster D., Chen Y., Underwood R., Tarpy D.R., Pettis J.S. (2009b) Colony collapse disorder: a descriptive study, PLoS One 4, e6481. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • vanEngelsdorp D., Hayes J. Jr., Underwood R.M., Pettis J. (2008) A survey of honey bee colony losses in the U.S., fall 2007 to spring 2008, PLoS ONE 3, e4071. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • vanEngelsdorp D., Underwood R., Caron D., Hayes J. (2007) An estimate of managed colony losses in the winter of 2006-2007: A report commissioned by the apiary inspectors of America, Am. Bee J. 147, 599–603. [Google Scholar]
  • Williams I.H. (1994) The dependences of crop production within the European Union on pollination by honey bees, Agric. Zool. Rev. 6, 229–257. [Google Scholar]
  • Yang X., Cox-Foster D.L. (2005) Impact of an ectoparasite on the immunity and pathology of an invertebrate: Evidence for host immunosuppression and viral amplification, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 7470–7475. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Yue C., Genersch E. (2005) RT-PCR analysis of Deformed wing virus in honey bees (Apis mellifera) and mites (Varroa destructor), J. Gen. Virol. 86, 3419–3424. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Yue C., Schröder M., Bienefeld K., Genersch E. (2006), Detection of viral sequences in semen of honey bees (Apis mellifera): Evidence for vertical transmission of viruses through drones, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 92, 93–96. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Yue C., Schröder M., Gisder S., Genersch E. (2007) Vertical transmission routes for Deformed wing virus of honey bees (Apis mellifera), J. Gen. Virol. 88, 2329–2336. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]