Free access
Volume 31, Number 1, January-Febuary 2000
Page(s) 3 - 15
DOI: 10.1051/apido:2000102

Apidologie 31 (2000) 3-15

Propolis: recent advances in chemistry and plant origin

Vassya S. Bankova ${^{\rm a}}$, Solange L. de Castro ${^{\rm b}}$, Maria C. Marcucci ${^{\rm c}}$

${^{\rm a}}$Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
${^{\rm b}}$Laboratorio de Biologia celular, DUBC, Institute Oswaldo Cruz, Cx. Postal 926, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
${^{\rm c}}$Faculdade de Farmacia, Bandeirante University of Sao Paulo, Avenida Rudge Ramos, 1501, Campus ABC, 09736-310 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

(Received 27 January 1999; accepted 27 September 1999)


New information published since 1995 about propolis constituents is reviewed. The available information on the biological action of new found components is presented. Recent publications are reviewed on propolis of native South American stingless bees. The plant sources of bee glue are discussed, taking into consideration data based on reliable chemical evidence including comparisons between propolis samples and plant material. Some aspects of the chemical standardization of propolis are discussed.

propolis / plant origin / stingless bees / phenolics / terpenes / Apis mellifera

Correspondence and reprints: Vassya S. Bankova

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