Free Access
Volume 28, Number 5, 1997
Intra-specific variation in the honeybee
Page(s) 295 - 307
Apidologie 28 (1997) 295-307
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19970506

Morphometric studies on the microtaxonomy of the species Apis mellifera L

D. Kauhausen-Kellera, F. Ruttnerb and R. Kellera

a  Länderinstitut für Bienenkunde, Friedrich-Engels-Straße 32, D-16540 Hohen Neuendorf
b  Institut für Bienenkunde (Polytechnische Gesellschaft), JW Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, D-61440 Oberursel, Germany

Abstract - A principal components analysis was performed on 252 samples of Apis mellifera collected from various geographic locations. The result is presented for the first time as a computer generated three-dimensional figure resembling a tripod, with each distinct branch and stem representing one of the four major regions: tropical Africa, western Mediterranean and northern Europe, central Mediterranean and southeastern Europe ending in A m carnica, and the Near East ending in A m caucasica.

Key words: Apis mellifera / morphometry / microtaxonomy / subspecies