Free Access
Volume 32, Number 3, May-June 2001
Page(s) 215 - 222


  • Alippi A.M. (2000) Is Terramycin® losing its effectiveness against AFB? Bee Biz 27-29.
  • Eckert J.E. (1947) Use of sulfa drugs in the treatment of American foulbrood disease of honeybees, J. Econ. Entomol. 40, 41-44.
  • Feldlaufer M.F., Lusby W.R., Knox D.A., Shimanuki H. (1993) Isolation and identification of linoleic acid as an antimicrobial agent from the chalkbrood fungus, Ascosphaera apis, Apidologie 24, 89-94.
  • Food and Drug Administration-Center for Veterinary Medicine (1999) FDA approved animal drug list (`The Green Book'). Drug Information Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech. University, Blacksburg, VA (available online at The online version of November 21, 2000 was checked for latest registration status of all antibiotics.
  • Gochnauer T.A. (1951) Drugs fight foulbrood diseases in bees, Minn. Home Fm. Sci. 9, 15.
  • Haseman L., Childers L.F. (1944) Controlling American foulbrood with sulfa drugs, Univ. Missouri Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 482, 3-16.
  • Hitchcock J.D. (1964) Effect of two erythromycin formulations on the longevity of the honey bee, J. Insect Pathol. 6, 408-410.
  • Hitchcock J.D., Moffett J.O., Lackett J.J., Elliott J.R. (1970) Tylosin for control of American foulbrood disease in honey bees, J. Econ. Entomol. 63, 204-207.
  • Johnson J.P. (1948) Sulfa drugs for American foul- brood of honey bees: third report, J. Econ. Entomol. 41, 314-318, also earlier parts cited therein.
  • Katznelson H. (1950) The influence of antibiotics and sulfa drugs on Bacillus larvae, the cause of American foulbrood of the honeybee, in vitro and in vivo, J. Bacteriol. 59, 71-79.
  • Katznelson H. (1956) Stability of antibiotics in honey, Am. Bee J. 96, 137.
  • Katznelson H., Gooderham C.B. (1949) Sulfathiazole in relation to American Foulbrood, Sci. Agric. 29, 340-344.
  • Katznelson H., Arnott J., Bland S.E. (1952) Preliminary report on the treatment of European foulbrood of honey bees with antibiotics, Sci. Agric. 32, 180-184.
  • Katznelson H., Jamieson C.A., Austin G.H. (1955) Further studies on the chemotherapy of diseases of the honeybee, Can. J. Agric. Sci. 35, 189-192.
  • Kochansky J., Knox D., Shimanuki H. (1999) Comparative stability of oxytetracycline and tylosin in sugar syrup, Apidologie 30, 321-326.
  • Machova M. (1970) Variations de la sensibilité aux antibiotiques souches de Bacillus larvae, Bull. Apic. 13, 5-11.
  • Miyagi T., Peng C.Y.S., Chuang R.Y., Mussen E.C., Spivak M.S., Doi R.H. (2000) Verification of oxytetracycline-resistant American foulbrood pathogen Paenibacillus larvae in the United States, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 75, 95-96.
  • Moffett J.O., Hitchcock J.D., Lackett J.J., Elliott J.R. (1970) Evaluation of some new compounds in controlling American foulbrood, J. Apic. Res. 9, 39-44.
  • Moffett J.O., Wilson W.T., Parker R.L. (1958) The effect of Penicel, tetracycline and erythromycin on adult bees, brood-rearing, and honey production, Am. Bee J. 98, 22-24.
  • Nakajima C., Okayama A., Sakogawa T., Okayama A., Nakamura A., Hayama T. (1997) Disposition of ampicillin in honeybees and hives, J. Vet. Med. Sci. 59, 765-767.
  • Nakajima C., Sakogawa T., Okayama A., Nakamura A., Hayama T. (1998) Disposition of mirosamycin in honeybee hives, J. Vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 21, 269-273.
  • Okayama A., Sakogawa T., Nakajima C., Hayama T. (1996) Biological properties and antibiotic susceptibility of Bacillus larvae originated from American foulbrood of honeybee in Japan, J. Vet. Med. Sci. 58, 439-441.
  • Peng C.Y.-S., Mussen E., Fong A., Cheng P., Wong G., Montague M.A. (1996) Laboratory and field studies on the effect of the antibiotic tylosin on honey bee Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) development and prevention of American foulbrood disease, J. Invertebr. Pathol. 67, 65-71.
  • Reinhardt J.F. (1947) The sulfathiazole cure of American foulbrood: an explanatory theory, J. Econ. Entomol. 40, 45-48.
  • Shimanuki H., Knox D.A. (1991) Diagnosis of honey bee diseases. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. AH-690, 53 p. A revised edition of this publication was issued in 2000.
  • Shimanuki H., Knox D.A. (1994) Susceptibility of Bacillus larvae to Terramycin, Am. Bee J. 134, 125-126.
  • Wilson W.R. (1962) Control of European foulbrood using two erythromycin formulations and yearly disease recurrence, Am. Bee J. 102, 33-34.
  • Wilson W.T., Moffett J.O. (1957) The effect of erythromycin and other antibiotics on the control of European foulbrood of honeybees, J. Econ. Entomol. 50, 194-196.


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