Free Access
Volume 32, Number 6, November-December 2001
Page(s) 567 - 575


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  • Anderson D.L., Trueman J.W.H. (2000) Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) is more than one species, Exp. Appl. Acarol. 24, 165-189.
  • Bailey L., Ball B.V. (1991) Honey Bee Pathology, 2nd ed., Academic Press Limited, London, England.
  • De Jong D. (1997) Mites: varroa and other parasites of brood, in: Morse R.A., Flottum K. (Eds.), Honey bee pests, predators and diseases, 3rd ed., A.I. Root Company, Medina, Ohio, USA, pp. 278-327.
  • De Jong D., de Jong P.H., Gonçalves D.S. (1982) Weight loss and other damage to developing worker honeybees from infestation with Varroa jacobsoni, J. Apic. Res. 21, 165-167.
  • Delfinado-Baker M. (1988) The tracheal mite of honey bees: a crisis in beekeeping, in: Needham G., Page R., Delfinado-Baker M., Bowman C. (Eds.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites, Halsted Press, Chichester, England, pp. 493-497.
  • Downey D., Higo T., Winston M. (2000) Single and dual parasitic mite infestations on the honey bee, Apis mellifera L., Insectes Soc. 47, 171-176.
  • Eischen F.A. (1987) Overwintering performance of honey bee colonies heavily infested with Acarapis woodi (Rennie), Apidologie 18, 293-304.
  • Eischen F.A., Cardoso-Tamez D., Wilson W.T., Dietz A. (1998) Honey production of honey bee colonies infested with Acarapis woodi (Rennie), Apidologie 20, 1-8.
  • Elzen P.J., Eischen F.A., Baxter J.B., Pettis J., Elzen G.W., Wilson W.T. (1998) Fluvalinate resistance in Varroa jacobsoni from several geographic locations, Am. Bee J. 138, 674-676.
  • Finley J., Camazine S., Frazier M. (1997) The epidemic of honey bee colony losses during the 1995-1996 season, Am. Bee J. 136, 805-808.
  • Imdorf A., Klichenmann V., Bogdanov S., Bachofen B., Beretta C. (1995) Toxizität von Thymol, Camphor, Menthol und Eucalyptol auf Varroa jacobsoni Oud und Apis mellifera L. im Labortest, Apidologie 26, 7-31.
  • Kovac H., Crailsheim K. (1988) Lifespan of Apis mellifera carnica Pollm. infested by Varroa jacobsoni Oud. in relation to season and extent of infestation, J. Apic. Res. 27, 230-238.
  • Kraus B., Page R.E. (1995) Effect of Varroa jacobsoni (Mesostigmata, Varroidae) on feral Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in California, Environ. Entomol. 24, 1473-1480.
  • Matheson A. (1994) The impact of varroa infestation on beekeeping, in: Matheson A. (Ed.), New Perspectives on Varroa, International Bee Research Association, Cardiff, UK, pp. 27-31.
  • Melathopoulos A.P., Winston M.L., Whittington R., Higo H., Le Doux M. (2000) Field evaluation of neem and canola oil for the selective control of the honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) mite parasites Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) and Acarapis woodi (Acari: Tarsonemidae), J. Econ. Entomol. 93, 559-567.
  • Otis G.W., Bath J.B., Randall D.L., Linda S.B. (1988) Studies of the honey bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi) (Acari: Tarsonemidae) during winter, Can. J. Zool. 66, 2122-2127.
  • Otis G.W., Scott-Dupree C.D. (1992) Effects of Acarapis woodi on overwintered colonies of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in New York, J. Econ. Entomol. 85, 40-46.
  • Pettis J.S., Cox R.L., Wilson W.T. (1988) Efficacy of fluvalinate against the honey bee tracheal mite, Acarapis woodi, under laboratory conditions, Am. Bee J. 128, 806.
  • Pettis J.S., Wilson W.T. (1996) Life history of the honey bee tracheal mite, Acarapis woodi (Acari: Tarsonemidae), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 89, 368-374.
  • Sakofski F. (1990) Quantitative investigations on transfer of Varroa jacobsoni Oud., Proc. Int. Symp. on Recent Research on Bee Pathology, Sept. 5-7, Gent, Belgium Rijksstation voor Nematologie en Entomologie on behalf of Apimondia, Merelbeke, Belgium, 1991, pp. 70-72.
  • Schneider P. (1986) The influence of Varroa infestation during pupal development on the flight activity of the worker honey bees, Apidologie 17, 366-368.
  • Westcott L., Winston M.L. (1999) Chemical acaricides in Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies: do they cause non-lethal effects, Can. Entomol. (in press).
  • Wilson W.T., Pettis J.S., Henderson C.E., Morse R.A. (1997) Tracheal mites, in: Morse R.A., Flottum K. (Eds.), Honey bee pests, predators and diseases, 3rd ed., A.I. Root Company, Medina, Ohio, USA, pp. 253-277.


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