Free Access
Volume 33, Number 2, March-April 2002
The Cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis). From laying workers to social parasites
Page(s) 233 - 244


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  • Calis J.N.M., Boot W.J., Allsopp M.H., Beekman M. (2002) Getting more then a fair share: nutrition of worker larvae related to social parasitism in the Cape honey bee Apis mellifera capensis, Apidologie 33, 193-202.
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  • Hepburn H.R., Allsopp M.H. (1994) Reproductive conflict between honeybees: usurpation of Apis mellifera scutellata colonies by Apis mellifera capensis, S. Afr. J. Sci. 90, 247-249.
  • Hepburn H.R., Crewe R.M. (1991a) Portrait of the Cape honeybee, Apis mellifera capensis, Apidologie 22, 567-580.
  • Hepburn H.R., Crewe R.M. (1991b) Geography of the Cape honeybee based on laying worker performance, S. Afr. J. Sci. 87, 70-73.
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  • Hepburn R., Radloff S.E. (2002) Apis mellifera capensis: an essay on the subspecific classification of honeybees, Apidologie 33, 105-127.
  • Martin S., Wossler T., Kryger P. (2002) Usurpation of African Apis mellifera scutellata colonies by parasitic Apis mellifera capensis workers, Apidologie 33, 215-232.
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  • Moritz R.F.A. (1989) Colony level and within colony level selection in honeybees. A two allele population model for Apis mellifera capensis, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 25, 437-444.
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  • Neumann P., Hepburn R. (2002) Behavioural basis for social parasitism of Cape honeybees (Apis mellifera capensis), Apidologie 33, 165-192.
  • Neumann P., Radloff S.E., Moritz R.F.A., Hepburn H.R., Reece S.L. (2001) Social parasitism by honeybee workers (Apis mellifera capensis Esch.): Host finding and resistance of hybrid host colonies, Behav. Ecol. 12, 419-428.
  • Nicholson A.J., Bailey V.A. (1935) The balance of animal populations, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 3, 551-559.
  • Onions G.W. (1912) South African "fertile-worker bees'', S. Afr. Agric. J. 1, 720-728.
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  • Pirk C.W.W., Neumann P., Hepburn H.R. (2002) Egg laying and egg removal by workers are positively correlated in queenright Cape honeybee colonies (Apis mellifera capensis), Apidologie 33, 203-211.
  • Reece S.L. (2002) A scientific note on the ovarial and pheromonal development of drifted and non-drifted Cape honeybee workers (Apis mellifera capensis), Apidologie 33, 213-214.
  • Velthuis H.H.W, Ruttner F., Crewe R.M. (1990) Differentiation in reproductive physiology and behaviour during the development of laying worker honeybees, in: Engels W. (Ed.), Social Insects, Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, New York, pp. 231-243.
  • Wossler T.C. (2002) Pheromone mimicry by Apis mellifera capensis social parasites leads to reproductive anarchy in host Apis mellifera scutellata colonies, Apidologie 33, 139-163.


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