Free Access
Issue
Apidologie
Volume 41, Number 1, January-February 2010
Page(s) 14 - 20
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2009037
Published online 22 September 2009
  • Bailey L., Ball B.V. (1991) Honey Bee Pathology, Academic Press, New York, London. [Google Scholar]
  • Brødsgaard C.J., Ritter W., Hansen H. (1998) Response of in vitro reared honey bee larvae to various doses of Paenibacillus larvae larvae spores, Apidologie 29, 569–578 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • De Graaf D.C., Alippi A.M., Brown M., Evans J.D., Feldlaufer M., Gregorc A., Hornitzky M., Pernal S.F., Schuch D.M.T., Titera D., Tomkies V., Ritter W. (2006) Diagnosis of American foulbrood in honey bees: a synthesis and proposed analytical protocols, Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 43, 583–590 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • De Rycke P.H. (2002) The possible role of Varroa destructor in the spreading of American foulbrood among apiaries, Exp. Appl. Acarol. 27, 313–318 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ellis J.D., Munn P.A. (2005) The worldwide health status of honey bees, Bee World 86, 88–101 [Google Scholar]
  • El-Niweiri M.A.A., El-Sarrag M.S., and Neumann P. (2008) Filling the Sudan gap: the northernmost natural distribution limit of small hive beetles, J. Apic. Res. 47, 183–184 [Google Scholar]
  • Elzen P.J., Baxter J.R., Westervelt D., Randall C., Delaplane K.S., Cutts L., Wilson W.T. (1999) Field control and biology studies of a new pest species, Aethina tumida Murray (Coleoptera, Nitidulidae) attacking European honey bees in the Western hemisphere, Apidologie 30, 361–366 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Greatti M., Milani N., Nazzi F. (1992) Reinfestation of an acaricide-treated apiary by Varroa jacobsoni Oud., Exp. Appl. Acarol. 16, 279–286 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Hansen H., Brødsgaard, C.J. (1997) Der Verlauf der Amerikanischen (Bösartigen) Faulbrut in künstlich infizierten Völkern, Allg. Dtsch. Imkerztg. 3, 11–14 [Google Scholar]
  • Hassan A.R., and Neumann P. (2008) A survey for the small hive beetle in Egypt, J. Apic. Res. 47, 185–186 [Google Scholar]
  • Hepburn H.R., Radloff S.E. (1998) Honeybees of Africa, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. [Google Scholar]
  • Hornitzky M.A.Z. (1998) The spread of Paenibacillus larvae subsp larvae infections in an apiary, J. Apic. Res. 37, 261–265 [Google Scholar]
  • Lindström A., Korpela S., Fries I. (2008) Horizontal transmission of Paenibacillus larvae spores between honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies through robbing, Apidologie 39, 515–522 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Lundie A.E. (1940) The small hive beetle Aethina tumida, Science Bulletin 220, Dep. Agr. Forestry, Government Printer, Pretoria, South Africa, 30 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Morse R., and Flottum K. (1997) Honey Bee Pests Predators and Disease, Third Edition, A.I. Root Company, Medina Ohio, USA, 602 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Mürrle T.M., and Neumann P. (2004) Mass production of small hive beetles (Aethina tumida Murray, Coleoptera: Nitidulidae), J. Apic. Res. 43, 144–145 [Google Scholar]
  • Neumann P., Ellis J.D. (2008) The small hive beetle (Aethina tumida Murray, Coleoptera: Nitidulidae): distribution, biology and control of an invasive species, J. Apic. Res. 47, 180–183 [Google Scholar]
  • Neumann P., Elzen P.J. (2004) The biology of the small hive beetle (Aethina tumida Murray, Coleoptera: Nitidulidae): Gaps in our knowledge of an invasive species, Apidologie 35, 229–247 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Plagemann O. (1985) A bacteriological cultivation method for Bacillus larvae on Colombia Blood Slant Agar, Berl. Münch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 98, 61–62 [Google Scholar]
  • Ritter W. (1996) Diagnostik und Bekämpfung der Bienenkrankheiten. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. [Google Scholar]
  • Shimanuki H., Knox D.A. (1994) Susceptibility of Bacillus larvae to Terramycin®, Am. Bee J. 134, 125–126 [Google Scholar]
  • Spivak M., Gilliam M. (1998) Hygienic behaviour of honey bees and its application for control of brood diseases and varroa, Part I. Hygienic behaviour and resistance to American foulbrood, Bee World 79, 124–134 [Google Scholar]
  • Spiewok S., Duncan M., Spooner-Hart R., Pettis J.S., and Neumann P. (2008) Small hive beetle, Aethina tumida, populations II: Dispersal of small hive beetles, Apidologie 39, 683–693 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Spiewok S., Pettis J., Duncan M., Spooner-Hart R., Westervelt D., Neumann P. (2007) Small hive beetle, Aethina tumida, populations I: Infestation levels of honey bee colonies, apiaries and regions, Apidologie 38, 595–605 [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Swart J.D., Johannsmeier M.F., Tribe G.D., and Kryger P. (2001) Diseases and pests of honeybees, in: Johannsmeier M.F. (Ed.), Beekeeping in South Africa, 3rd ed. rev., Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 14, Agricultural Res. Council of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa, pp. 198--222. [Google Scholar]
  • Tribe G.D. (2000) A migrating swarm of small hive beetles (Aethina tumida Murray), S. Afr. Bee J. 72, 121–122 [Google Scholar]