Free Access
Volume 26, Number 6, 1995
Page(s) 477 - 486
Apidologie 26 (1995) 477-486
DOI: 10.1051/apido:19950604

Distribution and variation of size of Apis florea F in Iran

F. Ruttnera, M.S. Mossadeghb and D. Kauhausen-Kellerc

a  Institut für Bienenkunde (Polytechnische Gesellschaft), JW Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, D-61440 Oberursel, Germany
b  Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, Iran
c  Länderinstitut für Bienenkunde, Fr Engelsstr 32, D-16540 Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

Abstract - Fifteen samples of Apis florea worker bees were collected from nests found in Iranian provinces near the Persian Gulf, up to more than 33° north and to 1 900 m altitude. This indicates a wider range of ecological adaptability than had previously been assumed. A south-north geocline exists in size characteristics over about the same range as for A mellifera. The vertical ecocline, although present, was only partial and rather irregular. No climate-related variation in hair length was found in the species. The data are discussed in view of the rudimentary thermoregulation and possible seasonal migration behavior in A florea.

Key words: Apis florea / Iran / Apis mellifera yemenitica / geographic variation / cline