Free Access
Volume 41, Number 2, March-April 2010
Page(s) 203 - 215
Published online 25 November 2009
  • Amaldoss G. (1990) Fine structure of the regional differentiation of the ductus ejaculatorius simplex (EJ1, EJ2, EJ3) along with the role of their secretios in the sperm activation and motility in two Noctuid species, Heliothis armigera (Hiibner) and Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera). II. Fine structure and function of simplex 2 (EJ2), Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 99, 19–38. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Araújo V.A. (2005) Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Master’s thesis. [Google Scholar]
  • Araújo V.A., Zama U., Neves C.A., Dolder H., Lino-Neto J. (2005) Ultrastructural, histological and histochemical characteristics of the epithelial wall of the seminal vesicle of mature Scaptotrigona xanthotricha Moure males (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini), Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 22, 193–201. [Google Scholar]
  • Bancroft J.D., Stevens A. (1996) Theory and practice of histological techniques, Churchill Livingstone, New York, p. 766. [Google Scholar]
  • Camargo C.A. (1984) Spermatozoa numbers and migration to the seminal vesicle in haploid and diploid males of Melipona quadrifasciata Lep, J. Apicult. Res. 23, 15–17. [Google Scholar]
  • Camargo J.M.F., Pedro S.R.M. (2008) Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836, in: Moure J.S., Urban D., Melo G.A.R. (Eds.) Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region – online version. Available at, accessed Jul/27/2009. [Google Scholar]
  • Chen P.S. (1984) The functional morphology and biochemistry of insect male accessory glands and their secretions, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 29, 233–255. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Couche G.A., Gillott C. (1988) Development of secretory activity in the seminal vesicle of the male migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes (Fabr.) (Orthoptera: Acrididae), Int. J. Insect Morphol. 17, 51–61. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cruz-Landim C. (2001) Organization of the cysts in bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) testes: number of spermatozoa per cyst, Iheringia 91, 183–189. [Google Scholar]
  • Cruz-Landim C., Cruz-Hofling M.A. (1969) Observações sobre a ultraestrutura do vaso deferente de Apis mellifera L, Rev. Bras. Biol. 20, 181–190. [Google Scholar]
  • Dallacqua R.P., Cruz-Landim C. (2003) Ultrastructure of the ducts of the reproductive tract of males of Melipona bicolor bicolor Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apinae, Meliponini), Anat. Histol. Embryol. 32, 276–281. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Davis F.M. (1968) Morphology of the reproductive systems of the southwestern corn borer, Diatraea grandiosella, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 61, 1143–1147. [Google Scholar]
  • Dowton M., Austin A.D. (1994) Molecular phylogeny of the insect order Hymenoptera: Apocritan relationships, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 91, 9911–9915. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Dowton M., Austin A.D., Dillon N., Bartowsky E. (1997) Molecular phylogeny of the apocritan wasps: the Proctotrupomorpha and Evaniomorpha, Syst. Entomol. 22, 245–255. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fausto A.M., Gambellini G., Taddei A.R., Maroli M., Mazzini M. (2000) Ultrastructure of the seminal vesicle of Phlebotomus perniciosus Newstead (Diptera, Psychodidae), Tissue Cell 32, 228–237. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ferreira A., Abdalla F C., Kerr W.E., Cruz-Landim C. (2004) Comparative anatomy of the male reproductive internal organs of 51 species of bees, Neotrop. Entomol. 33, 569–576. [Google Scholar]
  • Forbes J. (1954) The anatomy and histology of the male reproductive system of Camponotus pennsylvanicus DeGeer (Formicidae, Hymenoptera), J. Morphol. 95, 523–555. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gillott C. (2003) Male accessory gland secretions: Modulators of female reproductive Physiology and Behavior, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 48, 163–184. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Junqueira L.C.U., Junqueira M.M.S. (1983) Basic techiniques on citology and histology (Técnicas básicas de citologia e histologia), Livraria Editora Santos, São Paulo, p. 123. [Google Scholar]
  • Kerr W.E. (1948) Estudos sobre o gênero Melipona, Escola superior de Agricultura Luis de Queiroz, USP, Doctoral thesis. [Google Scholar]
  • Lai-Fook J. (1982a) The vasa deferentia of the male reproductive system of Calpodes ethlius (Hesperiidae, Lepidoptera), Can. J. Zool. 60, 1172–1183. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Lai-Fook J. (1982b) Structure of the noncuticular simplex of the internal mele reproductive tract of Calpodes ethlius (Hesperiidae, Lepidoptera), Can. J. Zool. 60, 1184–1201. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Leopold R.A. (1970) Cytological and cytochemical studies on the ejaculatory duct and accessory secretion in Musca domestica, J. Insect Physiol. 16, 1859–1872. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lima M.A.P., Lino-Neto J., Campos L.A.O. (2006) Sexual maturation in Melipona mondury males (Apidae: Meliponini), Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 23, 369–375. [Google Scholar]
  • Lino-Neto J., Dolder H., Mancini K., Mercati D., Dallai R. (2008) The short spermatodesm of Arge pagana (Hymenoptera: symphyta), Tissue Cell 40, 185–193. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mello M.L.S., Vidal B.C. (1980) Práticas de Biologia Celular, Edgard Blucher, Campinas, p. 69. [Google Scholar]
  • Michener C.D. (1990) Classification of the Apidae (Hymenoptera), The Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 54, 75–164. [Google Scholar]
  • Michener C.D. (2000) The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University press, Baltimore, p. 913. [Google Scholar]
  • Moreira J., Zama U., Lino-Neto J. (2004) Release behavior and phylogenetic significance of spermatozoa in bundles in the seminal vesicle during sexual maturation in Aculeata (Hymenoptera), Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 21, 185–189. [Google Scholar]
  • Perotti M.E. (1971) Microtubules as components of Drosophila male paragonia secretion: An electron microscopic study, with enzymatic tests, J. Submicrosc. Cytol. 3, 255–282. [Google Scholar]
  • Quicke D.L.J., Ingram S.N., Baillie H.S., Gaitens P.V. (1992) Sperm structure and ultrastructure in the Hymenoptera (Insecta), Zool. Scr. 21, 381–410. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Rasnitsyn A.P. (1988) An outline of evolution of the hymenopterous insects (Order Vespida), Orient. Insects 22, 115–145. [Google Scholar]
  • Riemann J.G. (1973) Ultrastructure of the ejaculatory duct region producing the male housefly accessory material, J. Insect Physiol. 19, 213–223. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ronquist F., Rasnitsyn A.P., Roy A., Eriksson K., Lindgren M. (1999) Phylogeny of the Hymenoptera: A cladistic reanalysis of Rasnitsyn’s (1988) data, Zool. Scr. 28, 13–50. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schiff N., Flemming A.J., Quicke D.J.L. (2001) Spermatodesmata of the sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta): evidences for multiple increases in sperm bundle size, J. Hymenopt. Res. 10, 119–125. [Google Scholar]
  • Silveira F.A., Melo G.A.R., Almeida E.A.B. (2002) Abelhas Brasileiras: Sistemática e Identificação, IDM Composição e Arte, Belo Horizonte, p. 253. [Google Scholar]
  • Snodgrass R.E. (1978) Anatomy of the honey bees, Cornel University Press, London, p. 334. [Google Scholar]
  • Stefanini M., De Martino C., Zamboni L. (1967) Fixation of ejaculated spermatozoa for electron microscopy, Nature (London) 216, 173. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sturm R. (2003) The spermatophore of the black field cricket Teleogryllus commodus (Insecta: Orthoptera: Gryllidae): size, structure and formation, Entomol. Abh. 61, 227–232. [Google Scholar]
  • Tasei J.N., Moinard C., Moreu L., Himpens B., Guynnaud S. (1998) Relationship between aging, mating and sperm production in captive Bombus terrestris, J. Apicult. Res. 37, 107–113. [Google Scholar]
  • Velthuis H.H.W., Koedam D., Imperatriz-Fonseca V.L. (2005) The males of Melipona and other stingless bees, and their mothers, Apidologie 36, 169–185. [Google Scholar]
  • Viscuso R., Brundo M.V., Sottile L. (2005) Ultrastructural organization of the seminal vesicles of Baculum thaii (Phasmida, Phasmatidae) during sexual maturity, Ital. J. Zool. 72, 113–119. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Viscuso R., Narcisi L., Sottile L. (1999) Structure and function of the seminal vesicles of Orthoptera Tettigonioide, Int. J. Insect Morphol. 28, 169–178. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wheeler D.E., Krutzsch P.H. (1992) Internal reproductive system in adult males of genus Camponotus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae), J. Morphol. 211, 307–317. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zama U., Lino-Neto J., Dolder H. (2001) Ultrastructure of spermatozoa in Plebeia (Plebeia) droryana Friese (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponina), J. Hym. Res. 10, 261–270. [Google Scholar]
  • Zama U., Lino-Neto J., Dolder H. (2004) Structure and ultrastructure of spermatozoa in Meliponini (stingless bees) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Tissue Cell 36, 29–41. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zama U., Lino-Neto J., Mello S.M., Campos L.A.O., Dolder H. (2005) Ultrastructural characterization of spermatozoa in euglossine bees (Hymenoptera. Apidae, Apinae), Insect. Soc. 52, 122–131. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]